Despite having a rich history, Chad is one of the least-known countries in Africa. This is a land where people have passed through for many centuries to meet, settle and resettle.
Africa’s fifth-largest nation, Chad, is a remote country lying on the edge of the Sahara semi-desert and is landlocked by Niger, Libya, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon and Nigeria. Lake Chad, the second-largest lake in West Africa and shared by Nigeria and Cameroon is one of the most important wetlands on the continent. The highest point is the mountain Emi Koussi, that rises 3,400 meters (11,200 feet) northwest in an otherwise generally flat topography. The capital city, N’Djamena, is situated south west at the confluence of the Chari and Logone Rivers.
The are signs that the history of Chad goes back to at least 500 B.C. Berbers began migrating into the area in the 8th century. There were three rival kingdoms in the 16th century, which all later came under Sudanese rule during the years 1883-1893 and eventually the area became part of France’s African holdings until 1960 when Chad became independent. Civil unrest between the northern and southern part turned into a civil war lasting for three decades. A territorial dispute with Libya over a strip of Chadian land also disturbed the peace as Libya invaded the country in 1979, but was finally restored in 1990; a democratic constitution was drafted with flawed presidential elections 1996, 2001 and again in 2006. The rule by Idress Déby has, since he took office in 1990, been marked by repression and corruption.
The diverse population of Chad is largely rural and illiterate with a rich, diverse and complex culture. The Toubou people in the northern third of the country are extremely clan-oriented and dominate the country. Concentrated in the middle third of Chad you will find Chadian Arabs with a distinct cultural influence. Christians dominate in the south with a distinct set of cultural and traditional practices. The main religions are Muslim, Catholic, Protestant and Animist.
French and Arabic are the official language and Sara in the south part of the country. A total of 200 ethnic groups speak 120 languages and dialects. In the north and east many ethnic groups have become ‘Arabized’, speaking a dialect of the Arabic language.
The mainstay of Chad’s economy is agriculture with Cotton, Cattle and Arabic Gum being the non-oil export earnings. The economy of Chad has long been handicapped by its geographic remoteness, its high energy costs, lack of infrastructure and its history of internal conflicts. Poverty is rife with unfavourable health and social conditions. Chad relies on foreign assistance and foreign capital for most public and private sector investment projects but after findings of significant oil reserves and a 3.5 billion USD investment in oil development the prospect for stability and greater prosperity looks brighter.
The hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur in the desert north, the Saharan Zone with less than 200mm (8″) of rainfall annually, the central Sahelian Zone 2-600 mm (24″) rainfall, the tropical southern Zone receives between 6-1000 mm (39″) rain and the Guinea Zone ranges between 1-1200 mm (47″) all in all constituting four bioclimatic zones.
Chad presents dry plains and deserts in its central part, tropical climate in the south and in the far west high plateaus and mountains that surrounds Lake.
Social inequalities, a high rate of illiteracy, and religious tensions have reinforced the country’s instability, which leaders have capitalized on to maintain power. The only port in this landlocked country is on the Chari River, connecting it with Nigeria, Sudan, and the Central African Republic.
N’Djamena, one of the liveliest cities in Central Africa, serves primarily as an administrative centre and a major regional market for livestock, salt, dates and grains. N’Djamena is an informal city where professional contacts lead to social invitations but usually require a working knowledge of French.
Main expatriate destination cities:
The American International School is located in N’Djamena as well as veterinary services and an international airport. Crafts at the central market include camel-hair carpets, calabashes, pottery animals and embroidered cotton cloths. The main attractions include the Chad National Museum, a cathedral and several mosques. Once a capital of the Ouaddai Kingdom and the stronghold of the Arabic slave trade, Abéché is today known for its markets, mosques, church, and the sultan’s palace. The city is served by Schools, hospital, university and a small airport, serving N’Djamena. Darfurian refugees live in several camps east of the town, in the region bordering Sudan.
Main foreign investors:
In the past, droughts, wars, political instability and tensions kept Chad one of the poorest in the world but with oil as the country’s main foreign currency earner this will likely help to expand its social and educational programs. The World Bank approved a loan on June 6, 2000 for the construction of an oil pipeline.
French and (Chadian) Arabic are the official languages with French generally used in official business. Chadian Arabic serves as the lingua franca, especially in the marketplace and among the illiterate.
The Houses in are most commonly built out of mud brick houses with very few modern facilities.
Supermarkets in N’Djamena import goods from France or Cameroon but shelves can begin to look bare a few weeks after the last delivery. It’s important to keep enough cold, filtered water around the house. The electrical system is unreliable. Cellular coverage is limited and costly and Internet is slow and expensive.
The primary challenges as an expat in Chad are the logistics, security and medical/health aspects. Corruption is rampant. Only the main roads are paved; the rest of the roads are either hard-packed dirt or looser dirt and sand. Travelers on roads in all areas are subject to attack by armed bandits. Violent crime against expatriates is a growing concern, especially in the eastern parts and in times of political instability.
The large number of ethnic groups and languages contributes to this being one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. The most widely practiced religion is Islam. Social standards are similar to the American and French.
Leisure activities and opportunities:
The Christian part of town has bars and nightclubs whereas nightlife in the Muslim parts of town tends to be quieter.
Across the Chari River, forming the east side of the city in N’Djamena, views of the sunset with the hippos bathing along the river can be enjoyed. When the Chari River stands high enough after rains, boats can be rented to search for the hippos immersed in the waters.
Restaurants mainly serve French and African food. Exercise caution with street market food.
Haggling for African produce is not only a must but also good fun. At the central market in N’Djamena among the many merchants selling piles of cloves, Arabic gum or roast grasshoppers, you may also find a fancy antique Venetian bead that can be added to your trade bead book.
Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.
Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.
Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.
City by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.
International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.
Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.
Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.
Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.
Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.
Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.
Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.
Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.
Ongoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.
Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.
Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.
Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.
• HTLC Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration
• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country
• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures
• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign
• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised
• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination
• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application
• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city
• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service
For more info about our immigration services in Chad please contact our marketing department at: firstname.lastname@example.org
N’Djamena is the capital and largest city of Chad. In 2009, its population was recorded as 993,492. A port on the Chari River, near the confluence with the Logone River, it directly faces the Cameroonian town of Kousséri, to which the city is connected by a bridge. It is also a special statute region, divided into 10 arrondissements. It is a regional market for livestock, salt, dates, and grains. Meat, fish and cotton processing are the chief industries, and the city continues to serve as the centre of economic activity in Chad.
While primarily an administrative center, the city includes the Nassara Strip commercial centre and residential areas, such as Mbololo, Chagoua, Paris Congo and Moursal. The main commercial avenue of the city is the Avenue Charles de Gaulle.
The city’s highest temperatures are usually seen between March and June, just before the onset of the heavier rains.
An unfurnished property will usually be empty.
Semi furnished will usually contain basic electro-domestics.
A fully furnished property will depend on the requirements of the expat.
With the agent, there is some flexibility in negotiation.
This depends on the Relocation Package you have; Our Basic Package includes 8 properties and our Exdended Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.
The tenant gives specifications of his choice to the agent. The agent, in turn, takes the tenant to the houses available. If these meet the tenant’s specifications, he chooses the one that best suites his desire.
The landlord has to pay the Estate agency fee. This is a flat rate based on the amount of rent (one months rent for a one year contract). Rent is usually paid biannually, but sometimes yearly payments can be requested.
The security deposit is usually 3 months rent.
The cost to register the contract is included in the rent.
Utility expenses should be paid by the tenant.
The Estate agent is the only person to be involved in the process. A lawyer may only be needed if either party breach an already signed lease.
In cases where a security deposit is paid, it is returned provided the property is left in the same state as when it was consigned.
The landlord is responsible for general maintenance as specified in the rental contract. The tenant is responsible for furnishings and the interior.
The minimum break notice is 1 month, with the general term of a three month notice by the tenant to the agent. The consequence costs are negotiable.
Only with written consent of the landlord.
What utility expenses will I have to pay?
Accounts are usually transferred into the tenant’s name. Bills arrive to the address of the property on a bimonthly basis (either by mail or by a prepaid credit card system, in which case, the customer pays as he consumes). They can either be paid by bank transfer or directly at a post office or with a cheque, depending on the customers’ preference.
Yes this is available.
Bills will arrive monthly.
Foreigners staying for longer than 3 months require an International driving license. International driving licenses are valid for a period of 1 year. Driving licenses of some countries are valid for a period of time, after expiration it must be converted into a local license. To convert your license the following documents are required:
– International (or foreign) license
– Residency document
– 2 passport sized photos.
A foreign registered car can be brought into the country provided it has approved insurance (within CEMAC) that is valid in Chad, the Car Specifications (to be surrended at the Customs’ office) and a Passavant (this costs about 5000 CFA). The vehicle is brought into the country on a ‘ Temporary Importation Permit ( T1).
Generally the vehicle must be registered locally at the relevant government office after one week, with the possibility for extension, depending on the situation.
In order to apply for local registration the following documents are required from the car owner:
– Customs duties payment document
– Receipt for payment at the national treasury.
Yes, as long as immigration compliant a foreigner can purchase a vehicle. After paying for it, a form must be filled in together with the individual/company who sold the vehicle and it must thereafter be registered.
A Residence Permit and a valid Work Permit.
No, you can enter with a short-term visa and we will assist to get long-term permit in-country.
Dependant family members can apply for Residency Permit on the basis of being accompanying family members; they do not have the right to work in the country. If they want to work, they’ll require a Work Permit as well.
As in all developing countries, foreigners stand out and are easy targets for petty crime and theft. It is important to move about with caution, not to go into areas that are particularly dangerous or deserted and to be discreet in the display of your material wealth.
It is recommended that security provisions are put in place for residential and commercial properties. Many properties include 24hr security surveillance and where it is not included it must be sourced through a reliable local provider. It is also advisable to keep in touch with the respective embassies.
Yes. It is recommended that you check with your own Embassy before embarking on travel to Chad.
As common throughout this area of Africa, malaria is rampant. Precautions should be taken before and during ones stay.
– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with HTLC Netowork’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– HTLC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline.
HTLC Network will prepare all the necessary paperwork, email it to the Company and direct as to how the various documents are to be printed out and signed. We will send one of our Local Counsellors with Power of Attorney to act on behalf of the individual and company.
When the Transferee has to be present to apply for a document, he will be accompanied by our Local Counsellor.
During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.
HTLC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of the a document demonstrating position within the Company.
The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of HTLC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.
Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.
Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered locally.
All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.
All Local Counsellors are trained by HTLC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.
All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.
All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.
In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.
HTLC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.
We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.
Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.
Area: 1,284.000 sq km
Time Zone: GMT+1
Capital city: N’Djamena
Bordering countries: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Libya, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan
Climate: Tropical in south, desert in north
Legislative Branch: Unicameral National Assembly
National Holiday: 11 August (1060)
Currency: CFA Franc BEAC (XAF)
Population: 10,329,208 inhabitants
Religion: Muslim majority, Christian (Catholic and Protestant) and indigenous beliefs.
Languages: French & Arabic (official), Sara (south), approx. 120 different languages and dialects
Ethnic groups: Sara majority, Arab, Mayo-Kebbi, Kanem-Bornou, Ouaddai, Hadjarai, Tandjile, Gorane, Fitri-Batha, others