HTLC Network | Ethiopia
HTLC Network is a valuable support that can help you to transform the challenges of an international relocation into a successful and satisfying life experience. We provide global corporate and private relocation and immigration services and we are present in many different parts of the world, being able to meet your requests, to ensure the utmost attention to every detail
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Ethiopia possesses one of the most unique and beautiful landscapes in Africa. The country offers a wealth of history in the north and an abundance of natural wildlife in the south.


Situated in the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia occupies most of East Africa. It borders with Kenya to the south, with Sudan to the west, with Djibouti and Somalia to the east and with Eritrea to the north. With the independence of the Northern Eritrea region, which borders with the Red Sea, Ethiopia has become a land locked country. The present population number over 56 million, 80% of which are dependent upon agriculture for their living.


Ethiopia follows the Julian calendar. As a result the Ethiopian year has twelve months of 30 days each and a thirteenth month of five or six days depending on whether it is a leap year. The first month of the Ethiopian year is September (Meskerem), and New Year’s Day is the 11th September in the European calendar. The year is calculated to be either seven or eight years behind the Gregorian year depending on whether the date is before or after 1st January.


The metric system is in general use, however the feresula (17 kilos) is often used for sale of local products.


Ethiopia is a land of great contrasts; the north of the country is mountainous and arid whereas the southern part is green with lush vegetation and many parks that are home to rare species of birds and other wildlife. The country has rift valleys, rivers and lakes as well as deserts and rocky highlands. The River Nile, which ends in the Egyptian Nile Delta, has its source in Ethiopia.


The highest point of the country is in the north, Ras Dashen reaches its peak at 4,620 metres above sea level. The lowest point is the Dankilla depression in the northeast, situated at 120 metres below sea level. South of Gondar is Lake Tana, a reserve with an abundance of wildlife in its natural habitat; the islands on the lake, monasteries.


The capital of the country is Addis Abeba. Established in 1896 at the foot of Mount Entoto, Addis Abeba is little more than a century old yet is one of the last in a succession of capitals of the great Abyssinian empire dating back to the pre-Christian era.


Ethiopia boasts a long history; it is one of the oldest countries in the world and the only county in the whole of Africa that resisted colonialism. British troops assisted to evict the Italians in 1941 and to restore Emperor Haile-Selassie back to power. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, the U.S influence in Ethiopia became stronger with a U.S military base in the north of the country.


During the 1970s and 80s, with the overthrow of Emperor Haile-Sellassie, power was seized by a socialist-oriented military junta and Ethiopia fell under the Soviet Union. In 1991 the military dictatorship was overthrown.


Political instability, ill-conceived policies, and economic mismanagement along with drought and civil war have all contributed to the famine that the population of Ethiopia presently suffer. In the latter half of the twentieth century alone, Ethiopia fought three major wars and a civil war that ended in 1991.


The recent war with Eritrea was a border dispute, which further drained the already poor resources of the country and took a heavy human toll. The war with Eritrea meant also a loss of foreign capital and an increased defence budget, which deviated essential resources from the country’s economy. This, together with three consecutive years of severe drought, has led to the exceptional figure of some 11 million Ethiopians who are in risk of starvation, a drastic increase to the already tragic figure of 4 or 5 million dependent on food – aid each year.

With business ever increasing to the Middle East and other parts of Africa, Ethiopia has established itself as an interesting destination for foreign investment.


Ethiopia is the second most populous country in sub-Saharan Africa (after Nigeria) and ranks as the fifth largest U.S export market in sub-Saharan Africa. The agricultural sector involves most of the labour force and accounts for a fair half of the country’s GDP and 80% of its exports. Ethiopia indeed has a great potential of labour force to offer to international investors.


The capital, Addis-Abeba, is situated in the heart of the country and lies at the foot of the 3,000 metres high Entoto Mountains. The city’s location not only provides a mild temperature throughout the year but also provides a good connection system to the rest of the country.


The Ethiopian airlines is second to none in Africa with an extensive domestic network consisting of more than thirty internal destinations accessible from Addis-Abeba Bole International Airport. In addition, Addis-Abeba offers high standard hotels such as “Sheraton Addis”, which is the best Sheraton collection in Africa hosting several international organizations such as the African Union.


Addis-Abeba has developed a great deal of facilities and services related to the international community in Addis. The city has several international schools and expat areas such as the Bole and Lideta-old airport area host a large number of expatriate communities.


With regards to trade, Ethiopia’s strategic location within easy access to African, the Middle East and the European market creates the favourable condition for Ethiopia to be a potential base for exporters. Exports originating and emanating from Ethiopia have favourable access to the European Union markets as specified by the Pacific (ACP)-EU Lome Convention.


The country has a preferential treatment in the markets of the United States and other developed countries. Being a member of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern African States (COMESA), Ethiopia also enjoys favourable treatment in the Eastern and Southern African markets.


Especially in the agri-processing, manufacturing and service related industries there are real openings for international investors. The large internal demand of the Ethiopian population is already a great potential market. In addition, the prevailing investment law of the country encourages investment into the country through various regulations such as tax holidays.


The ancient history of the Ethiopian Church and heritage of the various Ethiopian Kings are part of the touring flavours of Ethiopia. Religious sites such as the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela (one of the Eighth Wonders of the World) and historical sites such as the Stelae of Axum (made of a single piece of granite), the Old Castles, the palaces of Gondar and the walled city of Harrar are some of the few examples. Another breath-taking natural attraction to tourists is the Blue Nile Falls, “the water that smokes”, which is one of the sources of the Nile River.


Ethiopia’s fascinating independent and rich history makes its uniqueness on the African background. It is a recommended destination for a person interested experiencing Ethiopia’s unique identity, culture, and cuisine moving forward within modern ages.

Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.


Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.


Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.


auto-europe-driving-informationCity by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.


International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.


Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.


Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.


Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.


bigstock-Real-Estate-Home-Inspection-Re-20778977Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.


Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.


Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.


Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.


Local Registration
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.


Closeup of a call center employee with headset at workplaceOngoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.


Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.


Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.

Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.


Passport immigration stamp

• HTLC Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration

• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country

• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures

• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign

• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised

• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination

• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application

• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city

• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service


For more info about our immigration services in Ethiopia please contact our marketing department at:

Addis-Ababa-EthiopiaResource guides:


Ethiopia officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.


Ethiopia is one of the oldest locations of human life known to scientists and is widely considered the region from which Homo sapiens first set out for the Middle East and points beyond.


Tracing its roots to the 2nd millennium BC, Ethiopia was a monarchy for most of its history. Alongside Rome, Persia, China and India, the Kingdom of Aksum was one of the great world powers of the 3rd century. In the 4th century, it was the first major empire in the world to officially adopt Christianity as a state religion.


Today Ethiopia is a multilingual society with around 80 ethnic groups, with the two largest being the Oromo and the Amhara.

FAQ Ethiopia - Housing
What can I expect to find in an unfurnished, a semi-furnished or a furnished property?

Furnished: Some privately owned houses are furnished with the basics such as sofa, dining chairs and tables, beds, TV, refrigerator and sometimes even washer dryers. Not all ‘furnished properties ‘ contain crockery, kitchen utensils and cutlery. There are very few fully furnished properties available.


Semi-Furnished: In semi furnished properties one will find just a few items, such as sofa and bed, and sometimes a refrigerator.


Unfurnished: In an unfurnished property there will be no furniture or fittings whatsoever although utility connections may be available.

What sort of flexibility will I have to negotiate rent or furnishings?

The rent in privately owned houses, apartments and furnishings is almost always negotiable. Your HTLC Network Local Counsellor will negotiate on your behalf. The tenant is always free to offer a lower price than the landlord asks. If the landlord agrees to add extra furnishings, this will likely lead to an increase in the rental value requested.

How many properties will I be shown?

This depends on the Relocation Package you have; our Basic Package includes 8 properties and our Extended Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.

How can I secure a property that I choose?

One way to secure a selected property is to pay an advance payment, which is intended to secure the performance of a certain contract. Once this is paid, neither the landlord nor the tenant is at liberty to cancel the contract.


If the landlord wants to withdraw from his contractual obligations, he will legally be required to repay the tenant double the figure he received in advance. If the tenant withdraws from the agreement, he will forfeit the advance payment made to the landlord. This, of course, will not give one absolute guarantee, in that if the landlord receives a far higher offer than the one presented, he is always free to break the agreement and pay the penalty.


The parties involved agree upon the figure required for the advance payment.

What costs are involved in renting a property?

Security Deposit: Not all landlords ask for a security deposit but in a property of a good standard, with furnishings of a certain value, one should expect to pay around one or two month’s rent. Some landlords ask for the rental payment in advance of three to six months. Some require up to one year advance payment.


Real Estate Agency fees: Real Estate Agents conventionally charge one month’s rent if the property is rented for one year. This constitutes 10% of the yearly rental. Most large Real Estate Agents take their fees from the landlords and not from the tenant. Smaller agents may ask their fees both from the tenant and the landlord depending on to whom they rendered their services.

What other expenses should I expect to pay?

There is no condominium fee to be paid when renting apartments. The tenant is not liable to any form of taxation regarding the property rental contract. Rent taxes are due from the landlord based on the rent he receives. The tenant, however, is responsible to cover all the fees and taxes related to utility consumption, such as electricity, water, telephone and Internet bills.

What is the process flow to rent a property?

Once a suitable property has been identified the procedure is as follows:
If it is necessary to reserve the property an advance payment has to be paid as a guarantee from both sides. Emc Network will negotiate on your behalf and ensure a legally valid contract is prepared.


An appointment is made for contract signing at the convenience of all parties involved. The contract is signed and all payments due are made: real estate agent’s commissions, any security deposit, first monthly payment – including any advance payment required.


The rental contract should be registered and is the responsibility of the landlord.The tenant is almost always required to produce valid ID documents.


A letter of guarantee from the Company or tenant demonstrating sufficient funds is not usually required. Since most of the time the landlords receive advance rent, they do not as a rule require additional guarantee.

What chance do I have of receiving my full deposit back when I leave the property?

As long as the property is left in the same condition as when consigned, and the correct notice period is served to the landlord, as specified in the rental contract, Emc Network will be able to negotiate full deposit return when you vacate the property.


We always insist on conducting a thorough inventory and check in inspection so as to be able to settle any disputes that may arise when the time comes to vacate the property.

What responsibility do I have as a tenant towards maintenance of the property?

Unless otherwise agreed and stipulated in the rental contract, property law states that repairs necessary to the doors, windows, floorboards, tiling, taps and water drains are deemed to be repairs incumbent upon the tenant.


The works of cleaning and maintenance, which become necessary as a result of the enjoyment of the property, are also regarded as the duties of the tenant. If, however, it is proved that the above are occasioned by old age or any act amounting to force majeure, the duty to repair or maintain falls on the landlord.

Can I make any alterations to the property?

With the written permission of the landlord, alterations can be made. If the alterations, which improve the condition of the property, are made without the prior consent of the landlord, the tenant will not be entitled to any compensation commensurate with such improvements.


However, where the improvements have been made with the consent of the landlord, the tenant may claim a reimbursement between the amount of expenses made by him and the increase in the value of the property, as at the time of restoration.


The tenant may also remove the improvements that he has made provided it does not cause any damage to the property. Therefore, the relation between the landlord and the tenant relating to alteration very much depends on the terms and conditions of the contract.


If, during contractual negotiations, the landlord agrees to make certain improvements or alterations to the property, is to be clearly stated in the contract Payment for such will be borne by the landlord.

What if I need to terminate the lease early?

HTLC Network will ensure that the property rental contract includes a diplomatic break clause for the protection of the Tenant. Unless such an eventuality is stipulated in the contract, the time of which the contract is agreed upon, must be respected.

If a contract is breached, full payment is due according to the duration of the contract. Where the contract of lease has not been made for a determinate (not fixed in time) period, notice may be given by the landlord to the tenant or by the tenant to the landlord. In such a case, the contract shall terminate on the day, when, in under the contract or the law, the second term of rent becomes or would have become due, had notice of termination not been given.

What expenses are involved in the purchase of a property?

Unless one enters the country as an investor, a foreigner is not allowed to own any kind of property or land. The acquisition cost (real estate commission if agents are involved in the transaction) ranges between 2 to 4% on the total value of the property.


Lawyer’s fees range between 3-10% of the value of the property.


Stamp Duty, which is fixed fee of 5 birr.


Also required is 2% of the value of the property in order to register title deed in name of new owner.

FAQ Ethiopia - Utilities
What utility expenses will I have to pay?

Electricity and water according to consumption. There is no choice of electric or water companies in Ethiopia as both are government monopolies. The only provider of power is the Ethiopian Electric and Power Corporation (EEPC) and of water the Addis Ababa Water and Sewerage Authority (AAWSA).


Electricity and water (cold water) come with the house unless one is erecting a new building. Service is presumed to be continuous on the basis of original contracts between the electric and water companies and the landlord. They do not, therefore, terminate or resume with the occupation or vacation of the house/building by tenants. The termination or resumption of services is a matter for the landlord to sort out with the respective companies. Sometimes tenants might have to deal with the companies in the name of the landlord, particularly if they had been responsible for interruption of services due to failure to pay the bills on time.


Although located in the tropics very close to the equator, Addis Ababa has a temperate type climate with no extreme temperatures. There is, therefore, no system for heating or air-conditioning in the building. There are a few months of the year when the mornings and the nights could be chilly and the early afternoons rather hot. However, it is not necessary to require installations for heating or cooling. Nonetheless, one can still purchase and use heaters and air-conditioners/ventilators.


Unexpected power interruptions do occur in Addis Ababa, but until recently these have not been very frequent. For the last two years, however, (due to a three-year continuous drought), a system of scheduled (and announced) blackouts has been put in place. The blackouts mean that for a day or two in a week one may not have power for most of the day. These scheduled blackouts do not happen throughout the year. Over the past two years they lasted from two to three months on the average during the hottest months of the year.


Addis Ababa’s water supply is fairly dependable, problems here and there notwithstanding. Most houses will have water storage tankers, which makes the temporary interruptions inconsequential. Quality of the water is also good, although it is advisable to boil or filter water for safety. A wide-range of bottled drinking water is also available in the market.

How are these accounts charged?

Electricity and water is paid monthly, according to consumption.

How are they paid?

The power corporation and the water authority have jointly run ‘’Neighbourhood Collection Centres’’. Clients or their tenants or anybody whom they designate can make payments for water and power the same day by coming physically to these collection centres. Bills should be paid in cash only.


Every client will have a period of five days within the month during which he/she would be expected to settle the water and power bills. Failure to pay within the month will lead to disconnection of services and entails bureaucratic hustle and service fees for reconnection.

What about the quality of the Telephone services?

Telephone and fax lines, once acquired, work fairly well in Addis for local calls. Interruptions are rare. Most phone lines are now digital.


Internet lines tend to be crowded too, particularly during working hours. This is because of the limited number of servers that the corporation uses. This sometimes forces people to go on-line after hours. This is an area that is slowly being improved.

Will I be able to get Satellite TV?

Yes. Your HTLC Network Local Counsellor can arrange installation as part of your Settling In Services.


Installation requires a pre-payment of charges for six months, or for a year, the client has the option. Payment can be made in local or foreign currency, but if made in foreign currency they must be in the form of a credit card payment or by traveller’s cheques. Payments in local currency are made to the local agent only whilst credit card and traveller’s cheque payments can be made either to the local agent or to the South African company directly.

Those wishing to pay in local currency need to obtain a licence from the telecommunications corporation.

What documents do I need to install a Telephone Line?

Expatriates who have invested in Ethiopia and are making requests for business telephone lines require a valid Work Permit and Residency Permit. Individuals in private accommodation will have the telephone installed in the name of the landlord.


The telephone company gives the option of providing the apparatus or the individual may supply his own. Internet services are available upon request, provided that one has a telephone line already. It is the same corporation that provides the services but it entails a separate connection charge.

How long will I have to wait for my telephone?

Installation of telephone services cannot be had upon request in Addis Ababa. There is always more demand than available lines. The telecommunications business is also a government monopoly with the Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation as the sole provider.


Usually, expatriates rent houses that already have telephone lines. Only very rarely would expatriates ask for telephone lines for their residences. And when they do so they would, in effect, be asking for telephone lines to be made available to their landlords.

How will I be billed for my home telephone?

In Ethiopia, telephone bills are delivered to your house in person by officers from the local Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation office. The bill can be paid in cash immediately to the officer or by going to the local office the next day.

What about Mobile lines?

Getting a mobile phone line can prove difficult and may take several months. The reason is that a substantial collateral in property is required for the set-up of a mobile phone contract. Exceptions are always made, however, for investor expatriates because they also meet the collateral requirements. Mobile phones in Ethiopia have other limitations also: one can receive long-distance calls (both local and international) on mobile phones but cannot make outgoing calls outside of Addis Ababa.

FAQ Ethiopia - Work Permit
What documentation is required for workers coming to Ethiopia?

A Work Permit and Residency Permit is required.

Shall I be present for application?

Wherever possible, HTLC Network will act on your behalf with Power of Attorney; when you must be present in person, you will be accompanied by HTLC Network’ Local Counsellor.

What about my family?

Accompanying family members also require specific documentation, they are not permitted to work in Ethiopia unless in possession of a Work Permit in their own right.

FAQ Ethiopia - Driving
Is my licence valid in Ethiopia?

In Ethiopia only a licence issued by the duly authorized government organ (the Ethiopian Road and Transport Authority) is valid. A person who has a foreign licence should therefore automatically submit his/her licence to the Ethiopian Road and Transport Authority in order to be issued an equivalent and legally valid driving license.

Can I buy a car?

A foreigner can buy a car while he is living in Ethiopia. However, he should first secure a resident permit from the appropriate government organ.

For how long can I drive my own car in Ethiopia?

Provided you have a valid Residency Permit, there is no limit to how long a foreigner can drive his own car in Ethiopia.

FAQ Ethiopia - Safety
I have heard there is a high crime-rate in various parts of the country: how can I ensure the security of my family?

Ethiopia has a far lower crime rate than other African countries. However, caution must always be used; a foreigner who does not know how to move will stand out as an easy target for petty criminals and thieves. There are certain areas it is advisable for a foreigner to avoid altogether and others in which extra caution is recommended.


HTLC Network’ Security Awareness Trainings cover security in 3 main areas: Personal Safety, Property Safety and Safety whilst Travelling. These ‘Safety Awareness Trainings’ are held by one of our own Local Counsellors who has personal experience in living locally and who has been trained in the area of safety for foreigners.

FAQ Ethiopia - About HTLC Network
Why should I choose HTLC Network?

– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with HTLC Netowork’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– HTLC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline.

FAQ Ethiopia - For Corporate
How does HTLC Network assist with Immigration?

HTLC Network will prepare all the necessary paperwork, email it to the Company and direct as to how the various documents are to be printed out and signed. We will send one of our Local Counsellors with Power of Attorney to act on behalf of the individual and company.


When the Transferee has to be present to apply for a document, he will be accompanied by our Local Counsellor.

What time scale should be allowed to process Work Permit applications?

When all paper work has been prepared, approved and signed by the relevant companies, it can take 6-8 weeks during which time Italian law states that the expatriate must not be in Italy.

How can we determine a realistic Housing Budget for Transferees?

During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.

Can the contract be signed in the name of a foreign company?

HTLC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of a document proving position within the Company.


The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of HTLC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.


Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.


Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered in Italy.

Is it necessary for the Transferee to be present to apply for documents?

For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible HTLC Network will prepare power of attorney in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.


To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.

How can we guarantee all Transferees will receive the same standard of service? (staff relocating to main cities versus more rural areas)

All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.


All Local Counsellors are trained by HTLC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.


All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.

How does HTLC Network handle Group Moves?

All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.


In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.

What ongoing support is provided for Transferees and families?

HTLC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.


We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.


Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.


Area: 1,127,127 sq km
Time Zone: GMT+2. In addition to this, Ethiopia also has its own time. This is based on the conception that the Ethiopian day is constituted of roughly 12 hours of daylight, starting at 06:00 and roughly 12 hours of darkness, starting at 06:00. When asking about dates and times, it is always worth checking which system is being used!
Capital city: Addis Abeba
Bordering countries: Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan
Climate: Tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation.


Stateform: Republic
Legislative Branch: bicameral Parliament.
National Holiday: 28 May
Currency: birr (ETB)


Population: 67 million inhabitants.
Religion: Muslim, 45%-50%, Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40%, animist 12%, other 3%-8%
Languages: Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, other local languages, English (major foreign language taught in schools).
Ethnic groups: Oromo, Amhara, Tigre, Sidamo, Shankella, Somali, Afar, Gurage.