Remains of Paleolithic and Neolithic civilizations have been discovered by archaeologists in the region now occupied by Senegal.
In the 9th century, one of the major ethnic groups, the Tukulor settled in the Senegal River valley, and their powerful Tekrur state dominated eastern Senegal from the 11th to the 14th century. Islam, the dominant religion in Senegal, first came to the region in the 11th century. In the 15th century the Wolof established the Jolof empire near the coast, and it lasted into the 19th century.
Modern trade links between Senegal and Europe were forged after Portuguese explorers reached the mouth of the Senegal River and Cape Verde in the 15th century and established trading posts along the coast. Around the beginning of the 17th century, the Dutch and French replaced the Portuguese, and by 1700, the French dominated trade along the coast. French hegemony eventually resulted in the establishment of a factory in 1659 at N’dar that became the town of Saint-Louis. Gorée Island became a major centre for the Atlantic slave trade through the 1700’s, and millions of Africans were shipped from there to the New World.
In the mid 19th century, French control of the interior was forcefully extended and consolidated. In 1895, Senegal became officially a French colony. In November 1958 Senegal became a self-governing member of the French Community. In 1960 Senegal became fully independent as part of the Mali Federation together with French Sudan (now Mali). That same year, Senegal withdrew from the federation and became a separate republic.
Léopold Senghor was elected the first president of Senegal and remained the dominant figure in Senegalese political life for 20 years. Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982. However, the union was dissolved in 1989. Although there have been some problems with the southern Casamance region (where a separatist movement exists), Senegal has enjoyed a largely stable and relatively prosperous commercial life, and is one of the most stable democracies in Africa. In January 2001, the Senegalese voted in a new constitution that legalized opposition parties and granted women equal property rights with men. Senegal has also a long history of participating in international peacekeeping.
Senegal is also co-founder of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), established with the aim of regional integration and to foster economic growth in West Africa, as well as to create an economic union.
Although Senegal is neither a large nor a strategically located country, it has nonetheless played a prominent role in African politics since its independence. As a black nation that is more than 90% Muslim, Senegal has been a diplomatic and cultural bridge between the Islamic and black African worlds. Senegal has also maintained closer economic, political, and cultural ties to France than probably any other former French African colony.
Senegal is a country of contradictions. Wide open to modernity and the outside world but nevertheless remaining deeply rooted in tradition.
Located between the Sahel and the tropical forest, Senegal’s landscape is mainly flat with only a few exceptions: the Cape Verde volcanic peninsula, the Thies Cliff and the Fouta Djalon massif. The main rivers are the Senegal, Saloum, Gambia and Casamance, all of which are navigable in their lower courses. The maritime area goes from Saint Louis to Gambia, with nearly 500km of sandy beaches lined with palm trees. The capital of Senegal, Dakar, is the westernmost point in Africa.
Senegal has been held as one of Africa’s model democracies. It has an established multi-party system and a tradition of civilian rule. Although poverty is widespread and unemployment is high, Senegal has also one of the region’s most stable economies.
With its well-developed physical and social infrastructure and relatively well-diversified industrial base, it is the economic hub of the region and the most visited country in West Africa. Although overwhelmingly agricultural, services are the main contributor of GDP. Main export earnings come from the fish sector, phosphates and peanuts.
Tourism has been a growing industry in Senegal for well over a decade. The sector has created economic growth particularly in the Petite Côte, Senegal’s principal tourist region where a resort originally built around a fishing village has become an international tourist destination. Senegal has a variety of first-rate natural assets that help make it an attractive destination: six national parks and four reserves, a variety of birds, wildlife, and access to big game hunting, fishing and scuba diving. Despite various European and Middle Eastern influences, Senegal has its own brand of exotic music, food and customs that make it a diverse and very colourful country.
Dakar, the melting pot capital city, is one of the busiest cruise ships port in Africa and boasts a wealth of entertainment, history, culture, nightlife and cuisine. The city is equipped with facilities required to cater to all needs: grocery stores, ATMs, good quality health-care and international schools that offer American and French Curricula.
Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.
Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.
Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.
City by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.
International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.
Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.
Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.
Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.
Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.
Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.
Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.
Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.
Ongoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.
Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.
Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.
Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.
• HTLC Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration
• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country
• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures
• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign
• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised
• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination
• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application
• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city
• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service
For more info about our immigration services in Senegal please contact our marketing department at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Dakar, located on the Cape Verde Peninsula, the western most point of the African continent is The Capital, seaport, and the largest city in the Republic of Senegal. The strategic location of the city, midway between both Europe and South Africa has made it an important transit centre for trans-atlantic and European trade. Dakar is probably the most ‘European’ town in Black Africa, with its tall, modern buildings, handsome residences and tree-lined avenues in the business and administrative district. The colonial administration is still present in Dakar’s urban organization, although some areas did not allow the ‘white town’ to displace the African areas.
There are not many furnished houses on the market, but there are quite a few all-inclusive furnished apartments in apartment complexes. They generally come equipped with good standard furniture, fully equipped kitchen with all utensils and TV, telephone etc. Many offer a maid service.
A semi-furnished house would come with basic fixtures and fittings and very basic furniture. An unfurnished house would generally have a kitchen, but no household (electrical) appliances.
A certain flexibility regarding rent exists, however, generally not more than 10% on requested price. As regards furnishings, these can generally be negotiated, at times with a subsequent adjustment in the rent requested.
This depends on the Relocation Package you have selected: HTLC Network Basic Package includes 8 properties and the Extended Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.
A holding deposit is not typical and most landlords would not hold a property if another tenant would want to rent the property.
– Real estate fee: one month rental value, usually paid by tenant
– A security deposit will have to be paid, generally 1 – 2 months rent.
– First rental payment is usually 1-month.
In connection with the contract there are no further expenses to the tenant (no stamp duty, VAT or administration fee to be paid by the tenant.) In serviced apartments, the rental fees usually include services such maid service, cleaning and security. In individual property it is recommended to use the services of a on-call security company.
The rental contract drawn up after which the security deposit and first rental payment is made. The tenant can not access the property before the contract is signed unless approved in written by the landlord. An inventory and property inspection is always conducted together with your Local Counsellor before moving in.
Generally the landlord is responsible for the outdoor maintenance, while the tenant is responsible for indoor maintenance. Gardening is the responsibility of the tenant unless otherwise agreed. In gated complexes the landlord usually takes care of gardening.
Major indoor repairs and maintenance are covered by the landlord. The tenant ‘s responsibilities are to see that the interior is kept to a similar standard as when the property was rented out.
Alterations can only be made with the approval of the landlord. The rental contract stipulates how the property should be returned.
If the lease is broken early, there is no refund of payments made.
An individual may ‘sub-let’ the property provided the original contract signed allows for this; although the Real Estate Agency or Property Management Company have no share in this as their agreement is with the original tenant. However, both the landlord and the PMC must be formally notified of the sub-let.
In the case of a property being rented in the name of a company, if the original contract allows for it, the company may place another employee in the property in the place of the original occupant.
Electricity: Dakar’s power supply is generally reliable, but many houses are also equipped with emergency generators. In most buildings circuits are usually 220v/230v.
Water: Tap water must never be drunk without first boiling or sterilising it (remember that the same goes for cleaning teeth and putting ice cubes in drinks). Bottled water is available. Note that fruit and salad that may have been rinsed in untreated water.
Gas: Piped gas does not exist; gas cylinders are to be purchased from filling stations.
YES. Appliances or equipment sensitive to voltage fluctuation, such as some computers, electronic amplifiers etc., require voltage stabilizers, Un-interrupted Power Supply (UPS) units, and/or surge protectors are highly recommended to protect against power surges.
Electricity, water and telephone are charged according to consumption. Gas is generally not supplied directly to the property.
Utilities accounts are usually opened and charged in the name of the tenant and bills sent to his mailing address (home or PO Box).
Over-the-counter cheque or cash payments are made at any one of the payment centres listed on the bills.
Yes, both satellite and cable TV are available.
NITEL bills will arrive to the property on a monthly basis and can be paid by cheque or cash to the phone company directly or through a designated bank.
A deposit or advance payment is generally required to obtain specific services such as ASDL/ISDN. Most PTOs operate a pre-paid billing system.
Telephone lines within and between the main cities and for international calls are fairly reliable, although they can experience disruptions of service. Many people choose to have a mobile phone instead of /or in addition to a fixed home line.
A foreigner to open an account requires an identity card/passport, a valid lease document and a copy of a utilities bill (electricity or water) as proof of residence.
Once the application is made, you will normally have your telephone installed within one-three weeks.
Bills will arrive at your mailing address (home or PO Box) bi-monthly.
Both conventional modem dial-up and DSL are available. No broadband service is currently available.
Mobile telephone networks now reach almost all of Senegal.
The postal service does not deliver to physical (home or office) addresses. All mail has to be collected from P.O. boxes or private bags. These are rented at an annual fee from the Post Office.
Although there are Post Offices in all areas of the city, it is not always possible to rent a box in the location of choice due to lack of availability. Many employees receive their mail through their company’s box, and a messenger checks the mail and delivers to them. There are private mail collectors who will check your box and hand deliver at a charge.
Courier services will deliver directly to a property but sufficient information has to be provided for the property to be correctly identified. (Roads slightly out of the city are not all named and not all properties are numbered, properties are identified by other characteristics ‘ House with blue gate next to the large field’).
Installing a phone requires little or no documentation. The government phone company, Nigerian Telecommunications (NITEL) and various private telephone operators (PTO) provide telephone line services.
ASDL, ISDN and CABLE connection are available in certain areas of the bigger cities, including most of the popular expat areas. The application for a connection has to be made through the individual phone companies.
Patience and perspective are the best ways to deal with the frustration of Dakar’s increasingly traffic gridlock. The traffic in the cities, especially at peak times, may be chaotic, and road rules are often ignored.
Driving is on the right side of the road and international road symbols are used. Priority to the right is the governing rule and most intersections are not controlled by traffic lights or police.
Many foreigners opt for 4 wd vehicles with rugged suspension that are easier to drive when navigating the roads; especially if they live out of the main city areas. Driving conditions deteriorate in the rainy season as roads become impassable.
Violent crime in Senegal is infrequent, but petty crimes, such as pick pocketing and simple theft, are common in urban areas. Passports and wallets should be closely guarded when in crowded outdoor areas and open-air markets.
Vaccinations required: Yellow Fever – All individuals entering the country MUST have a certificate attesting to the fact they have had this vaccination. Vaccinations highly recommended are: cholera, typhoid, and Hepatitis A and B.
Each country recommends different vaccines to be taken before a visit to the country – you are advised to check with your national Health Authority or Embassy before you travel.
Malaria risk exists all year round throughout the entire country, preventative measures are highly recommended.
Government-provided health care facilities are of a very poor standard and there is often a shortage of drugs and essential medical equipment. Private medical insurance is required. Expats and their families are advised to register themselves with a reputable private medical facility upon arrival, where the standard is considerably higher.
There are some adequate private facilities where the standards approach those of Europe. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services.
Due to the lack of supply and the unsafe nature of drugs that are available (often they are well past their ‘use by date’) it is advisable to take a sufficient supply of drugs or medication to meet personal needs. Purchase of drugs in Senegal should only be made from renowned authorised pharmacies.
Water used for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should have first been boiled or otherwise sterilised (beware of salad and fruit that may have been washed in untreated water). Vegetables should be cooked and fruit always peeled.
Milk should always be boiled – Powdered or tinned milk is advised. Avoid dairy products, which are likely to have been made from untreated milk. Ensure meat and fish is well cooked, preferably served hot.
Alien’s Residence Card (Residence Permit) and the work authorization from the local government offices.
We can apply for the work permit on behalf of the employer and transferee with a POA. We accompany the transferee to the Police and assist with the registration for the Residence Permit.
Dependant family members can apply for Residency Permit on the basis of being accompanying family members; they do not have the right to work in the country. If they want to work, they’ll require a Work Permit as well.
– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with HTLC Network’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– HTLC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline.
During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.
Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered locally.
HTLC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of the Company’ s document demonstrating position within the Company.
The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of HTLC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.
Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.
For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible HTLC Network will prepare power of attorney in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.
To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.
All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.
All Local Counsellors are trained by HTLC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.
All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.
All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.
In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.
HTLC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.
We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.
Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.
Area: 196,190 sq km
Time Zone: GMT
Capital city: Dakar
Bordering countries: The Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, and Mauritania
Climate: tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November); dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind
Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly
National Holiday: 4 April
Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF)
Population: Approx. 12 million
Ethnic Groups: Wolof, Pular, Serer, Jola, Mandinka, Soninke, European and Lebanese
Religion: Muslim majority, Roman Catholic
Languages: French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka