Facing Europe to the North across the Mediterranean Sea, and surrounded by Africa, Libya offer dramatic variations in terrain with its desserts, ancient granite mountains, craters and oases scattered throughout the country , with a massive aquifer underneath much of Libya’s southern desert.
Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa by area and of its 1.8 million square kilometres (700.000 sq. m) 90% is mainly dessert.
The three main areas that make up the country were originally called Tripolitanina, the Fezzan and Cyrenaica. In 1969 the names of these areas were officially changed to Western, Eastern and Southern Libya respectively, but since the old names were intimately associated with the history of each area they continued to be used frequently during the 1970s and are still in use today.
Throughout history a vast number of conquerors has had Libya under their control but today it is ruled by Muammar Al Quadhafi, who came to power by means of a Coup on 1 September 1969.
There is archaeological evidence indicating that Neolithic people skilled in the domestication of cattle and the cultivation of crops was the first to inhabit the coastal plains of Libya, but today little remains of these ancient cultures . Libya is presently home to approximately 5.7 million people, 1.7 million of which live in the country’s capital Tripoli.
After years of sanctions and political isolation, Libya is finally opening its doors for the outside world to discover the country’s long-kept secrets such as ‘Leptis Magna’ which is among the best preserved Roman ruins anywhere, having been buried in sand for some 800 years.
The government plans to diversify the economy away from its oil-reliant economy by promoting tourism with the country’s ancient heritage, its sea, the Sahara, its food, music and folk life. As oil is an exhaustible resource Libyans have been urged to look for business opportunities in other non-oil sectors, and Libyan leader Muammar Ghaddafi has stated that the goal for the next ten years is to invest in a broader infrastructure which includes airlines and airport services, transportation, telecommunications and the banking system. These are not empty promises as they have been followed up by programmes prepared by the Libyan government for development and maintenance of sea ports and €2 billion has been earmarked for the modernisation of other airports in the desert country. Apart from oil, Libya has other natural resources such as natural gas, gypsum, limestone, marine salt, potash, and natron.
The population are mostly Berber and Arab in origin with a small percentage of foreign workers and their families. It is estimated that some 87 percent of the population live in urban areas, although some Libyans still live in nomadic or semi nomadic groups. As it is a conservative Muslim country it is essential to show respect in dress and behaviour. Alcohol is officially banned in Libya. Southern Borders are said to be subject to banditry and military activity and should preferably be avoided.
For the visitor interested in history and archaeology there is plenty to see. The most well-known and best kept are Leptis Magna, the Roman Theatre at Sabratha and the desert architecture in Ghadhames with mosaics and wall-paintings. The antiquities you find are awesome and of pristine quality, which could be explained by the country’s isolation. In the capital, Tripoli, the city to which the majority of expatriates are relocated, the best area for shopping is Green Square, and around the alleyways of the old city (Medina) Furthermore, the city offers historical mosques, khans (inns) houses and hammams (Turkish baths). The best collection of classical art in North Africa can be found in Tripoli’s National Jamahiriva Museum . Important to note that Credit cards and travellers cheques are not commonly accepted, US dollars are by far the most popular currency.
Overall, Libya is a fascinating country that will most certainly offer the expatriate the opportunity of an unforgettable international assignment.
Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.
Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.
Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.
City by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.
International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.
Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.
Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.
Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.
Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.
Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.
Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.
Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.
Ongoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.
Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.
Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.
Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.
• HTLC Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration
• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country
• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures
• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign
• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised
• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination
• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application
• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city
• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service
For more info about our immigration services in Libya please contact our marketing department at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Material in updating process..
Most properties on the rental market are either unfurnished – with no furnishings whatsoever but sometimes with a kitchen and basic bathroom furniture or semi – furnished, with basic furnishings.
There is not a lot of flexibility but it is always worth trying to negotiate.
This depends on the Relocation Package you have; Our Basic Package includes 8 properties and our Extended Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.
It is not common to sign a pre-lease or to pay a holding deposit.
Real Estate Agency payment : usually 1 month rent
Lawyers fee : 1 % rental payment
Security Deposit : this depends on the landlord
Initial rental payment : usually 1 year ( sometimes 6 months ) is to be paid up front.
Condominium fees where an apartment is selected – this covers maintenance of common area.
A rental contract must be registered with the local authorities and a tax must be paid, this is the responsibility of the tenant.
Once the property is selected, a draft contract is presented and negotiated. The lease contract must be reviewed and signed in the presence of a local lawyer , payment is to be made as stipulated in the lease.
If a deposit has been paid and the property is returned in the same condition as when rented, excepting normal wear and tear, the deposit will be returned.
The landlord is responsible for maintenance of the property, the tenant only for repairs to damages caused by himself.
Only with written permission from the landlord.
A break clause can be negotiated into a lease contract, but this depends on the availability of the landlord. Generally the security deposit would be forfeited when the lease is terminated early.
Utilities charged to a rental property electricity, sometimes water and telephone where there is a landline. Piped gas is not available but bottled gas can be readily purchased.
Electricity – bills are sent to the property address every three months – they remain in the name of the landlord.
Water – bills are sent to the property address, although there is not a regular schedule for when they are sent – they remain in the name of the landlord.
If a line is to be installed in the name of a company, specific company documentation is required as well as a valid Work Permit.
Sometimes landlords prefer to have the telephone remain in their own name.
From the time of application for a new line the time to wait is usually about 1 month.
Telephone bills arrived directly to the property address every 3 months.
Yes, there is a selection available.
A foreigner can drive in Libya in if possession of an International Drivers License.
For up to one year , after which time, exiting and re-entering the country will re-set the year.
Yes, a foreigner can purchase a vehicle if in possession of regular immigration documents. (Work Permit and Residency Permit).
A Work Permit, an Employment (or Block) visa and passport registration upon arrival. The passport must have an official translation into Arabic.
We can apply for the work permit on behalf of the employer with a POA.
We accompany the transferee to the immigration office and assist with the registration.
Dependant family members can apply for an entry and residence Permit on the basis of being accompanying family members; they do not have the right to work in the country. If they wish to work, they’ll require a Work Permit as well.
– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with HTLC Network’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– HTLC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline.
HTLC Network will prepare all the necessary paperwork, email it to the Company and direct as to how the various documents are to be printed out and signed. We will send one of our Local Counsellors with Power of Attorney to act on behalf of the individual and company.
When the Transferee has to be present to apply for a document, he will be accompanied by our Local Counsellor.
When all paper work has been prepared, approved and signed by the relevant companies, it can take 6-8 weeks during which time Italian law states that the expatriate must not be in Italy.
During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.
Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered locally.
HTLC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of the document demonstrating position within the Company.
The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of HTLC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.
Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.
For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible HTLC Network will prepare power of attorney in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.
To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.
All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.
All Local Counsellors are trained by HTLC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.
All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.
All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.
In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.
HTLC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.
We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.
Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.
Area: 1,759,540 sq km
Time Zone: GMT + 2
Capital city: Tripoli
Bordering countries: Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia
Climate: temperate; Dry, desertlike, in the northern regions mediterranean
Legislative Branch: Unicameral General People’s Congress
National Holiday: Revolution Day, 1 September (1969)
Currency: Libyan Dinar (LYD)
Population: 6,173,579 (July 2008)
Ethnic Groups: Berber and Arab 95%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians and Tunisians)
Religion: Sunni Muslim 95%,other 3%
Languages: Arabic, Italian, English