Lithuania is the largest of the 3 Baltic States. The country borders the Baltic Sea on its western coast, Latvia to the north, Belarus to the southeast, Poland to the southwest and Russia to the west.
The country covers an area of 65,300 square km. Lithuania has no great mountains or forests but is made up of a combination of rolling hills and plains with many rivers and lakes. The largest river, the Nemunas, flows into the Baltic Sea at the point known as Curinian Spit; this is Lithuania’s famous ‘ Amber Coast’, a 60 mile long bank of golden sand dunes where Lithuania’s renowned harvest of Amber ‘ Lithuanian gold’ is washed up.
BEAUTIFUL NATIONAL PARKS
The capital, Vilnius is located in the south east of the country. Kaunas, another main centre, is located northwest of the capital. The country is divided into 10 different districts: Alytus, Kaunas, Klaipeda, Marijampole, Panevezys, Siauliai, Taurage, Telsiai, Utena and Vilniaus.
The country has 5 National Parks where wildlife and nature are protected. These parks have also been established to protect the country’s cultural and historical heritage. Within the park’s boundaries, agricultural and recreational activities are restricted. Each of the parks is administered according to a specifically designed programme, they are however opened to visitors. The country also has 30 regional parks. Agricultural activity in these areas is controlled by environmental protection agencies. They are ideal for recreation and walks at any time of the year. Many of the parks protect small hills and ‘sacred forests’, once an integrated part of pagan life in Lithuania.
A SMALL COUNTRY WITH A DISPERSED POPULATION LIVING ABROAD
The population today numbers some 3,5 million. There are about one million Lithuanians residing abroad, in the USA, Canada, South America, the UK, Poland, Germany and Australia. More than 150,000 Lithuanians live in Russia and other eastern countries. This exodus to Russia is explained by the country’s long history of political struggles.
The majority of Lithuanians are Roman Catholics. There are also large numbers of Russian Orthodox and Evangelical Lutherans in addition to smaller religious groups such as Pentecostals, Baptists, Muslims and Jews. The law grants equal religious freedom to all religions, reflected by the fact that religious education is an optional subject in Lithuanian state schools.
A LONG AND TROUBLED HISTORY
The earliest known mention of the name “Lithuania” is found in the German (Teutonic) chronicles of 1009. Lithuania emerged as a larger state in the middle of the 13th century through a union of Baltic territories. Mindaugas became the state’s first Grand Duke. The country experienced a series of unsuccessful military attacks until by the end of the 13th century Lithuania had became one of the most powerful states in eastern Europe. Early in the 14th century, a joint Lithuanian, Polish, Russian, Tartar and Czech army successfully crushed the Teutonic order under the leadership of Lithuanian Grand Duke, Vytautas.
The power of Lithuania declined after the death of Grand Duke Vytautas, leading the country to join with Poland in what was called the Union of Lublin in 1569. This joint state ended when its territories were totally annexed by Russia, Austria and Prussia. By the late 18th century, a large part of Lithuania was forcibly incorporated into Russia. Russia’s imperial forces aimed to colonise Lithuania and to transform the country’s dominant nationality and national language. Public use of the Lithuanian language was outlawed, as was the printing of any material in the language. This action gave impetus for the subsequent long national struggle to preserve the Lithuanian language, culture and religion.
INDEPENDENCE AND OCCUPATION
At the end of World War 1, Lithuania finally regained independence, which was announced on February 16, 1918. This date is still commemorated as a national holiday ‘Independence Day’. This new found freedom was, however, short lived. Just 22 years later, during the second world war the country was again annexed by the Soviet Union and then occupied by Nazi Germany. The Nazis tried to exploit Lithuania’s material and human resources for the benefit of their military machine. After the Nazis were defeated at the end of the war, Lithuania found itself occupied by Soviet Union again.
This time the occupation threatened the very existence of the Lithuanian people. The nation suffered from Stalinist repression and endured mass deportations to Siberia. During nearly half a century of Soviet rule, Lithuania was deprived of nearly a quarter of its population through these deportations, or in labour camps and prisons.
Lithuania was one of the first republics to break away from the Soviet Union at the time of its collapse in 1991. Although the Russians tried unsuccessfully to regain power over the State, the country was recognised as independent and Lithuania became a member of the United Nations Organisation on September 17, 1991.
Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.
Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.
Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.
City by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.
International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.
Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.
Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.
Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.
Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.
Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.
Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.
Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.
Ongoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.
Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.
Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.
Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.
• HTLC Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration
• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country
• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures
• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign
• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised
• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination
• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application
• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city
• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service
For more info about our immigration services in Lithuania please contact our marketing department at: firstname.lastname@example.org
The main advantage the country offers is its strategic location; situated in the geographical centre of Europe, Lithuania is an ideal link between Western Europe and the huge markets of the East and is the place where Northern Europe meets the South. Lithuania also has the advantage of a stable currency which has contributed to its becoming a premier investment location in the Baltic region.
Most of the larger multinationals with branches in Lithuania are located in Vilnius. The city has various resources for its growing expat community- a choice of international schools as well as other English speaking facilities.
Although English is less widely spoken that in its neighbouring Baltic state, Estonia, most public offices provide information in English and many websites on the city and its facilities provide an English language translation. an expat assignment.
Furnished: Fully furnished properties generally include all necessary furniture and electro domestic appliances. Some fully furnished apartments also include soft furnishings, linen and cutlery, although this is not always the case.
Please note that tumble dryers, dish washers etc. are treated as additional comforts, they are not ‘standard’ in furnished properties even in properties that are termed ‘ Euro renovated’ or up to European standards. Air conditioning is not standard in Lithuanian properties. High standard apartments and villas often come with saunas.
Semi-furnished: Includes basic furniture only. Usually beds and dining table with chairs as well as furnished kitchen sometimes with appliances.
Unfurnished: Apartment light fittings and bathroom fittings are included. Usually there will be a gas stove or even a furnished kitchen, it varies from property to property.
In recent years, things have changed and landlords have become more open to negotiation. When Lithuania first became independent and there was an influx of American-Lithuanians seeking high standard properties, which were few and far between, landlords could command high prices and give no room for negotiation. Today, a greater selection of properties has led to lower prices on the Lithuanian real estate market.
It is always worth trying to offer a slightly lower figure than the asking price or request to have other furniture installed or work done on the property. Generally, if the requests of a prospective tenant are high and costly, the landlord will agree to do the works requested with an increase in the rent. It is not likely that a landlord will agree to undertake work on the property, install extra furniture and also lower the price.
HTLC Network will negotiate on your behalf until an arrangement agreeable to both parties is reached. You will be advised if the landlord’s request is too high for the type of property or area. We are generally able to offer within 10% of the original asking price. Regarding furnishings, landlords tend to be very open to negotiation, adding or removing items of furniture according to the personal taste of the Transferee.
Yes. The company may elect anyone as their representative with Power of Attorney. At times, a Company Stamp may be requested to authenticate the Power of Attorney document. The individual representing the Company must have their personal passport as ID. Company information is also required.
In case of property purchase, the company has to pay VAT (value-added tax), which is later returned to the company in case the property is used as an office. If it is used as an apartment, Lithuanian tax authorities will not return the VAT.
Please note: Lithuanian Law require less tax from the landlord if the tenant is a private individual. For this reason, landlords prefer to rent to private rather than to Corporate.
This depends on the Relocation Package you have selected: HTLC Network Basic Package includes 8 properties and the Extended Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.
Generally, a rental contract can be drawn up immediately with no need of a pre-contract agreement. The property market in Lithuania is a ‘tenant’s market’ as supply is higher than demand, so the tenant has much room for negotiation. In rare cases when a pre-contract is put in place, a penalty may be imposed on the landlord should he withdraw from the deal.
The real estate agency fee is a one-time expense, generally of 1 month’s rent and is usually split between tenant and landlord. When a security deposit is required, it is usually between 1-2 month’s rent. This must be clearly stated on the contract.
First rental payment: The real estate agency fee is due at time of contract signing; the other payments are made thereafter.
Other than the utilities according to consumption, a condominium fee may have to be paid.
Once the property is selected, HTLC Network will negotiate on your behalf and a legally valid contract will be prepared.
An appointment is arranged for the tenant (or company representative) and landlord to sign the contract. The contract is read through and Emc Network’s Local Counsellor will translate as necessary. The contract should be initialled on every page as well as final signature. The Real Estate Agency Fees will be paid at this stage; other payments are to follow.
If a contract is to be signed directly by a company, HTLC Network will send the prepared contract to be signed by a legal representative of the company. Once the copies of the contract have been signed, it will be collected by a Local Counsellor to be taken to the agency for the landlord’s signature. A company document is required, or if there is one representative, he/she should have credentials from company.
Provided the property and any furnishings are returned in the state in which they were consigned, HTLC Network will be able to negotiate a full deposit return for you.
To this end we insist on taking a thorough Property Inspection and Inventory when the tenant enters the property. This inventory is taken in the presence of the landlord and tenant and two copies are to be signed by both parties.
If the property requires renovation and the tenant is eager to attend to this, the landlord will deduct the expenses from future rent. This is, of course, to be agreed upon in writing beforehand.
The landlord of a modern and well-furnished property will usually not allow the tenant to make any alterations.
Emc Network will ensure a diplomatic break clause is inserted into the contract for the protection of the tenant. A notice period of 1-2 months must be served, as stipulated in the lease contract.
Electricity, gas, and water according to consumption, garbage tax, extra utilities such as cable TV, Internet access etc.
‘Heating bills’ arrive once a month, directly to the property.
Costs for extra services (condominium fees; garbage collection, staircase cleaning etc) are billed monthly to the property address.
For the consumption of electricity, gas and water; each month the meter readings are taken and the units used are recorded in a special ‘Pay Book’ (Domestic Book). Payments can be made at the post office, directly from a Lithuanian bank account or online (from a Lithuanian Bank Account only).
Utility bills are usually issued in the name of the landlord. When the time comes to pay the bill, the landlord will either contact the tenant for the meter reading, pay the bill himself and then present this to the tenant who will refund his payment, or the tenant will deal with it all himself.
The Domestic Book is only issued in the name of the property owner. If a prior agreement has been made for utilities to be included in the rent, this will be incorporated into the lease contract.
Yes, there are a variety of options available. There is no cable installed for Cable TV. If your property is within close range of others and not too far out of the city (3-5km), you can request the Cable TV Company to install the wiring; otherwise the best option is to install a satellite dish.
Generally a telephone line in the property is in the name of the landlord and will remain so. The tenant will pay the bills as they arrive to the property.
A foreigner who wants to change phone contract into his name must have a valid ID, a valid Work/Residence Permit, the lease contract and a letter of agreement from the Landlord as well as a utility bill. ADSL is available from specific companies.
A telephone connection will take approximately 10 days, provided that the property has had a phone connection previously. Otherwise, it will take about two weeks. A reopening of a temporarily disconnected line takes approximately 5 days.
Once an order is placed, the installation company, who will arrange with a date for connection, will contact you. If all the wires are already in place, the telephone should be connected within approximately 10 days. If any additional work has to be done, then it can take longer. The engineers generally arrive on time to appointments.
It is necessary to have your own apparatus when the technician comes to connect the line. Your Local Counsellor can assist you to obtain this. Rented properties usually come with a telephone apparatus.
Telephone bills can be paid every month or every second month. It can be paid at the post office, in a bank or by credit card or Internet.
Citizens of the European Union do not have to convert their licence to a Lithuanian one. Citizens from any other country are required to convert the licence if they intend to stay in the country for more than three months.
Citizens outside the EU must pass a theory test. In order to do the test, you must bring your current licence along with your visa. The tests are in Lithuanian or Russian. A translator is needed if you do not speak any of these languages. Provided you pass the test, you will be given a Lithuanian licence equivalent to your current licence and will be valid for 10 years.
A foreigner can drive his/her own car without importing it and have Lithuanian licence plates as long as he/she has a valid visa. In case the number plates are changed into a Lithuanian number plate, registration is valid for the time the temporary residence permit is valid.
A foreigner can purchase a car provided he/she is in possession of a valid Residence Permit. The registration expires the same day the Residence permit expiries.
For EU Citizens: Temporary Residence Permit.
For NON-EU Citizens: Work Permit and Temporary Residence Permit.
Application may be made with Power of Attorney along with a copy of your passport. However, you should be in the country at the time of applying for the various documents.
Accompanying dependant family members can apply for residency on the basis of the worker’s legal status.
Emergency First Aid treatment is free of charge for all.
Health facilities in Lithuania are divided into three levels: first, second and third. Nursing hospitals belong to the first level. Hospitals of the second level provide patients with ambulatory treatment, while hospitals of the third degree perform very complex operations.
Various health care facilities are available in Lithuania, however they do not always meet Western standards. Foreigners generally opt for private medical assistance. In Vilnius, there are 2 clinics that cater for foreigners. (Please note Vilnius Resource Guide for full details).
A foreigner has to pay for his treatment up-front and may thereafter claim it back from the insurance company.
– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with HTLC Netowork’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– HTLC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline.
During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.
Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered locally.
HTLC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of the document demonstrating position within the Company.
The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of EMC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.
Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.
For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible HTLC Network will prepare power of attorney in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.
To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.
All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.
All Local Counsellors are trained by HTLC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.
All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.
All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.
In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.
HTLC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.
We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.
Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.
Area: 65,200 sq km
Time Zone: GMT+2
Capital city: Vilnius
Bordering countries: between Latvia and Russia, bordering to the Baltic Sea.
Climate: wet with moderate winters and summers.
Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly.
National Holiday: 16 February (Date of independence from German, Austrian, Prussian, and Russian occupation; 16 February 1918). 11 March 1990 is the date of independence from the former Soviet Union.
Currency: litas (LTL)
Population: 3, 6 million inhabitants.
Religion: Roman Catholic majority.
Ethnic groups: Roughly 80 % Lithuanians with smaller groups of Russians, Polish and Belarusians.
Languages: Lithuanian, Polish, Russian