An island country in the Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of Africa comprising the island of Madagascar and several small islands. It was originally peopled by Indonesian and African groups around the end of the first century b.c.
Madagascar is located off the eastern coast of southern Africa in the Indian Ocean along the Mozambique Channel. It is the fourth largest island in the world with a landmass of 226,498 square miles (586,889 square kilometers) which includes its offshore islands. The West Coast is characterized by deciduous trees on dry, open savanna grassland sloping toward the sea. Like much of the island, this area was once thickly forested.
The East coast on the other hand consists of tropical rainforests in several narrow bands of lowlands that lead to an intermediate zone of steep bluffs and ravines abutting a 1650 foot escarpment which provides access to the central highlands. Of the 10,000 plants native to Madagascar, 90% are found nowhere else in the world. Madagascar’s varied fauna and flora are endangered by human activity, and since the 1970s a third of its native vegetation has disappeared and many animal species are listed as endangered.
The recorded history of Madagascar began in the 7th century when the Bantus established trading posts for trade with Arab merchants along the northwest coast of the island. From the 17th century the British and French colonial empires competed for influence in Madagascar. The island became a French colony in 1896, and gained full independence from France in 1960. The year 2002 saw a political crisis and the establishment of a new government.
Madagascar was originally settled by people of Indonesian and African descent. At a later date Arabs, Indians, and Chinese immigrants mixed into the population. Regional ethnic divisions loosely coincide with geographically distinct locations. Sakalava is the dominant ethnic group, they are involved in agriculture fishing, and cattle herding.
The Betsimisaraka, the second largest ethnic group, is the most numerous group pursuing trading, seafaring, fishing, and cultivation. The arid southwest is inhabited by Antandroy and Mahafaly peoples who pursue cattle raising and limited cultivation. The Antankarana peoples, that inhabit the northern region, are involved in cattle raising and tropical horticulture. The entire island speaks one language: Malagasy, French is the second official language, and the language of business, English is the third official language but is not widely spoken.
Agriculture is the basis of the island’s economy followed by industry and services. The majority of the population exists at subsistence level growing rice, other main crops being coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava, beans, bananas and peanuts. A European embargo on shrimp and fin fish production in the late 1990s had a devastating impact on what was a relatively new and growing industry. Major industries include meat processing, soap, beer, leather, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly, paper, petroleum, and of course tourism. Natural resources include graphite, chromate, coal and bauxite.
The climate of Madagascar is tropical along the coast, temperate inland, and arid in the south. The weather is dominated by the southeastern trade winds that originate in the Indian Ocean. Madagascar has two seasons: a hot, rainy season from November to April; and a cooler, dry season from May to October. There is, however, great variation in climate due to elevation and position relative to dominant winds. The east coast has the heaviest rainfall, averaging as much as 3,500 mm (137.8 in) annually with frequent cyclones during the rainy season, the central highlands of the island are much drier although thunderstorms are common during the rainy season.
Antananarivo, sometimes called ‘Tananarive’ or ‘Tano’, is the capital and largest city of Madagascar. It is situated inland, about 90 miles from the East coast. The city was founded in the early 1600’s and its position on top of a high ridge made it easy to defend against enemy attack. Antananarivo means “the city of a thousand”, a reference to the 1000 soldiers that supposedly protected the newly founded city during the reign of the King Andrianjaka. Under French rule the city was expanded, and today it is a popular tourist destination.
Antananarivo is the main destination city for expatriates, although numbers are small. The city has an international school as well as properties suitable for expatriates, although there are no specific expat-only areas.
Main foreign investors:
Investment during the late 90s and early 2000s focused on the telecommunications, petroleum, and mining sectors. Madagascar’s appeal to investors stems from its competitive, trainable work force. More than 200 investors, particularly garment manufacturers, were organized under the country’s export processing zone (EPZ) system since it was established in 1989. The absence of quota limits on textile imports to the European market under the Lome Convention helped stimulate this growth.
Following the 2002 political crisis, the government of Madagascar developed a recovery plan in collaboration with the private sector and donors. Donor countries demonstrated their confidence in the new government by pledging $1 billion in assistance over five years. The Madagascar-U.S. Business Council was also formed as collaboration between the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Madagascan artisan producers.
As in all African countries, it is important that expatriates remain vigilant and take standard security precautions – although crime rate is not high, petty theft is common and there have been cases of gang theft and even kidnapping of some tourists with ransom demands. It is not uncommon be bothered by stray dogs when walking in Antananarivo.
Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.
Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.
Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.
City by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.
International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.
Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.
Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.
Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.
Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.
Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.
Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.
Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.
Ongoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.
Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.
Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.
Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.
• HTLC Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration
• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country
• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures
• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign
• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised
• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination
• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application
• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city
• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service
For more info about our immigration services in Madagascar please contact our marketing department at: email@example.com
Antananarivo (“city of a thousand warriors – from the number of soldiers assigned to guard it”) is the capital of Madagascar, which the locals call simply and affectionately – Tana. The city of Antananarivo spreads out around a trio of hill ranges that intersect at their highest point to form a y shape. Built at the summit of these hills, the Manjakamiadana royal palace is visible from every part of the city and the other major hills that ring the capital.
The city skyline is a jumble of colorful historic houses and churches, while more recent residential and commercial buildings and family rice fields occupy lower terrain throughout the capital. The Betsimitatatra and other vast rice fields ring the city in all directions.
As the historic capital of the Kingdom of Imerina, Antananarivo is centrally located in the homeland of the Merina people, who is approximately 24% of the population form the largest Malagasy ethnic group.
A furnished property will have all furniture required.
A semi furnished will have the very basics.
An unfurnished property will usually be empty of furniture although it may have fitted kitchen and bathroom.
There is a certain amount of flexibility; it depends on the individual landlord.
This depends on the Relocation Package you have selected: HTLC Network Basic Package includes 8 properties and the Extended Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.
It is not common practice to make a pre- contractual agreement, nor to pay a holding deposit, therefore once a suitable property has been identified, negotiation takes place and contract is drawn up.
Real Estate Fee: equal to one months rent
Security Deposit: usually one months rent
Initial rental payment: depends on agreement with landlord – whether the rent is monthly or annual.
Although no contract registration is required, signatures can be registered either at the local mayor’s office or at the local police station, the cost is the responsibility of the tenant.
A service fee or condominium fee is to be paid when renting a property in a building with other dwellings this charge is to cover use, lighting and maintenance of any common areas. This fee is paid monthly on top of the monthly rental payment.
Once a suitable property is identified, the contract is negotiated and is signed by both parties. Payment is made. The contract must thereafter be registered at the relevant office by the tenant.
Provided the property is left in the state in which it was when consigned, and the required notice is given, there should be no issue in obtaining full deposit paid back.
HTLC Network insist on preparing a detailed check-in sheet upon move in which is signed by both tenant and landlord, this is referred to at check out to establish property state at time of consignment.
Tenant is responsible for general maintenance as specified in rental contract.
Only with the written consent of the landlord.
It is usually possible to include a break clause in the contract; this is agreed between both parties at the time of contract negotiation.Rent paid in advance will be forfeited.
Electricity, Water, Gas is available bottled only.
Usually the accounts remain in the name of the landlord– the bills are sent to the property and are to be paid to the utility company – they arrive monthly and are based on meter readings.
Yes this is available.
Passport or ID card and evidence of renting the property.
It usually just takes a approx 2 weeks although delays can occur.
Bills arrive to the property address or prepaid contracts are also available.
An international license is required – it is required to change this into a local one at the relevant government office within a specified time period.
All vehicles must be imported and local license plates assigned to them upon entry to the country- there is a 1 month period allowed after entry in which this must be done.
24 hour security is advisable – this should be sourced by the tenant. General safety precautions should be taken.
General precautions such as not entering certain areas of the city and being aware not to make an open display of wealth due to petty theft and crime.
We advise you to check with your embassy before embarking on travel as requirements do vary from time to time. Malaria is prevalent.
Malaria is very common.
– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with HTLC Network’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– HTLC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline.
During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.
Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered locally.
HTLC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of the document demonstrating position within the Company.
The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of HTLC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.
Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.
For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible EMC Network will prepare power of attorney (Delega) in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.
To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.
All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.
All Local Counsellors are trained by HTLC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.
All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.
All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.
In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.
HTLC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.
We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.
Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.
Area: 587,041 sq km
Time Zone: UTC+3
Capital city: Antananarivo
Bordering countries: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique
Climate: Mediterranean Alpine in the North and dry in the South
Legislative Branch: bicameral legislature consists of a Senate or Senat
National Holiday: Independence Day 26 June 1960
Currency: ariary (MGA)
Population: 21,095,469 (July 2007 est.)
Religion: indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%
Ethnic groups: Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry – Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
Languages: English (official), French (official), Malagasy (official)