Mali is one of the poorest countries among the West African nations. Its straight borders on the north stretch into the centre of the Sahara desert, while the country’s south, the most populated region, features the Niger and Senegal rivers.
The larger north-western region of the country, which extends into the Sahara, is almost entirely arid desert or semi desert. In the central region, known as the Sahel, life follows the Niger River’s annual flood cycle. In the south-western area, rainfall and rivers are more plentiful and this region is marginally more lush than the rest of the country. Mali’s single most important geographic feature is undoubtedly the great Niger River, which cuts across both the Sahel and the south-eastern section of the country. The Niger, like the Nile, is both a critical source of sustenance and a major transportation artery.
Dating back to the 4th Century, the Mali region has been the seat of extensive empires and kingdoms. It reached its peak of power and wealth during the 14th century, extending over almost all of West Africa and controlling virtually all of the rich trans-Saharan gold trade. It was during this period that Mali’s great cities, Timbuktu and Djenne, became fabled centres of wealth, learning and culture.
Mali was conquered by the French in the mid 19th century. In 1958 it was proclaimed the Sudanese Republic and the following year it became the Mali Federation, after uniting with Senegal. However, Senegal seceded and Mali became independent in 1960.
The country has suffered from periods of internal and external strife, as well as from an extended drought in the early 1970s. Today Mali remains relatively peaceful. Since the 1990’s it has achieved a remarkable political transformation with an increasingly strong democratic process that has generated: democratic elections, the adoption of a new Constitution and the establishment of full democracy.
Mali is a mosaic of peoples and a zone of contact between several civilizations. Ethnic groups can be distinguished, not only by language and physical characteristics, but also by the occupations to which each group is traditionally tied. Mali’s cultural diversity includes desert nomads, cliff-dwelling cultivators, river fishermen and the farmers of the Savannah. Within each ethnic group are the hereditary castes: nobles and farmers, artisans, blacksmiths and griots (the singers, storytellers, historians, and musicians who traditionally retell Mali’s history).
Malians enjoy a relative harmony rare in African states. The contacts necessarily created by the sharing of the same land and the complementarity of agricultural, stockbreeding and fishing activities have, over time, created links of all kinds (matrimonial, cultural borrowings, “cousinhood”, etc.), leading to a thorough intermingling of the country’s different ethnic groups. This ethnic and cultural intermingling constitutes one of Mali’s great assets. Historically, good interethnic relations throughout the rest of the country were facilitated by easy mobility on the Niger River and across the country’s vast savannahs. Although each ethnic group speaks a separate language, nearly 80% of Malians communicate in Bambara, the common language of the marketplace.
Bamako – the capital of Mali and its largest city – is the nation’s administrative centre, as well as a river port and a major regional trade centre, while major towns include Sikasso, Segou, Mopti, Gao, Kayes and, of course, the legendary Timbuktu.
Mali is a nation of unusual interest and charm. Like Egypt, the country is intimately related to a great river, the Niger. Mali is also the location of some of the continent’s most fascinating cultural sites and striking scenery.
Mali’s economy is based to a large extent on agriculture. It is the second-largest producer and one of the largest exporters of cotton in Africa. The most productive agricultural area lies along the banks of the Niger River; also the centre of industry and commerce. Gold mining accounts for 80 percent of mining activity and, in the early 2000’s, gold surpassed cotton as Mali’s most significant export. Mali is Africa’s third-largest gold producer, behind South Africa and Ghana. Mali has attracted increasing gold development investments and expects to significantly increase production in the coming years.
Mali has a rich and diverse artistic heritage that is expressed in arts, drama and music. Tourism is increasing, and rewarding trips to many parts of Mali are now available, although some of these are only for the adventurous and hardy.
From here to Timbuktu
The country’s best known city is the fabled Timbuktu. It was, in ancient times, the powerful and wealthy centre of Mali’s Mandinka Empire and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is in danger of being swallowed up by the desert sands. Mali also offers unusual sights and experiences, from camel treks through desert landscapes to hikes along the Bandiagara Escarpment where the Dogon people live.
The Capital city, Bamako, offers exotic sights and sounds among its dusty streets and an interesting National Museum. In Bamako there are a lot of good restaurants and nightclubs. Much of the Bamako social life revolves around the expat community.
French is the official language in Mali. Many Malians speak fluent French and in the city all transactions are in French; also because most people speak only rudimentary English. The ability to converse in French is also very important for full participation in the international social life.
You can expect a challenging but rewarding assignment in Mali.
Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to EMC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.
Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.
Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the EMC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of EMC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.
City by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.
International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.
Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.
Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.
Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. EMC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.
Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.
Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.
Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.
Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, EMC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental EMC Network will advise local availability of this service.
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, EMC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.
Ongoing Phone Support The EMC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.
Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.
Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.
Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.
• Emc Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration
• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country
• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures
• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign
• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised
• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination
• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application
• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city
• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service
For more info about our immigration services in Mali please contact our marketing department at: firstname.lastname@example.org
In an unfurnished property there would usually be a kitchen, bathroom, and utility connection.
The term semi-furnished is not usually used in Mali but a furnished property would be fully furnished, ie there would be all the basic furniture required within a property as well as electro domestics.
Please note that these may not all be of the level and standard that an expatriate would expect.
There is a certain amount of flexibility; it depends on the individual landlord, many Landlords are not prepared to furnish higher level properties and the few that are will require a substantial raise in rent in order to cover their expenses to do so.
This depends on the Relocation Package you have; Our Basic Package includes 8 properties and our Extended Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.
Real Estate Agency fee varies from agency to agency, some require 10% annual rent, others require a fee just to show a prospective property and thereafter may charge even more.
Rent is usually paid 2/ 3 months in advance.
A security deposit of 2/3 months is usually required.
The rental contract must be registered – the cost of registration is borne by the tenant and is 3% rental value When a contract is in the name of a corporation, an 18% tax applies. A service fee or condominium fee is to be paid when renting a property in a building with other dwellings. Sometimes this will include security provision, when it does not , it is important that this is sourced from a reputable provider.
Once a suitable property is identified, the contract is negotiated and is signed by both parties. Payment is made . The contract must thereafter be registered at the relevant office by the tenant.
Provided terms of the contract are respected and the property is left in good condition ( as verified by the check in sheet signed at the time of consignment ), there is usually no issue in obtaining full return of deposit.
This is specified in the rental contract, usually the landlord is responsible for maintenance and the tenant for maintaining the inside of the property in the state in which it was when consigned.
Only with the written consent of the landlord.
It is usually possible to include a break clause, the minimum notice period is usually 3 months, and security deposit will be forfeited.
All Utilities are to be paid by the tenant according to consumption: Electricity and Water which are billed.
Gas is available bottled as their gas is not piped.
Accounts usually remain in the name of the landlord although this varies from landlord to landlord as some prefer them to be transferred into the tenant’s name.
Bills arrive to the address of the property on a monthly bases and the meter is read for each utility. Bills for water and electricity are delivered directly by the agents to the property address.
Bills are paid by cheque or cash at the counter of each utility company office as neither bank transfer nor online payment is available. If it is the cash payment, there are government stamp fees also.
Bottled gas can be purchased at some gas stations. Home-delivery can be arranged on regular basis but this has to be organized with the supplier concerned and an additional fee for the transportation will be levied.
– Copy of ID card or passport released by relevant embassy in Mali
– Work certificate (Work Permit )
– Statutes of employing company
– Certificate of registration of employing company in Mali Chamber of Commerce
– Application signed by applicant
Provided the property is located in an area that is covered, it should take between 3 to 5 days for the phone to be installed.
Bills arrive to the property address or PO Box monthly.
An International license is valid in Mali.
A licence of a country that is part of the Vienna convention is also valid, but must be converted into a local license after one year of being in the country. The conversion process is usually straight foward.
For one month, this period can thereafter be extended to three months but then the car must be imported and local license plates applied for.
Yes, a foreigner may purchase a vehicle in Mali.
A Residence Permit and a valid Work Permit.
We can apply both for the work permit on behalf of the employer and transferee and for the Residence Permit with a POA.
Dependant family members can apply for Residency Permit on the basis of being accompanying family members; they do not have the right to work in the country. If they want to work, they’ll require a Work Permit as well.
24 hour security is required for both commercial and residential property.
As in all foreign countries, expatriates stand out and are targets for petty crime and robbery. It is important not to enter areas that are of high risk and to move in a cautious fashion, not bringing undue attention to belongings.
All foreigners must be vaccinated against yellow fever, meningitis and typhoid. It is advisable to check with your own Embassy before travelling.
Malaria is rife, it is essential to take proper precautions.
– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with EMC Network’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– EMC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline
EMC Network will prepare all the necessary paperwork, email it to the Company and direct as to how the various documents are to be printed out and signed. We will send one of our Local Counsellors with Power of Attorney (Delega) to act on behalf of the individual and company.
When the Transferee has to be present to apply for a document, he will be accompanied by our Local Counsellor.
When all paper work has been prepared, approved and signed by the relevant companies, it can take 6-8 weeks during which time Italian law states that the expatriate must not be in Italy.
During EMC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. EMC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.
Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered in Italy.
EMC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of the Company’ s ‘Camera di Commercio’ demonstrating position within the Company.
The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of EMC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.
Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.
For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible EMC Network will prepare power of attorney (Delega) in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.
To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.
All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.
All Local Counsellors are trained by EMC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.
All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.
All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.
In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.
EMC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.
We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.
Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.
Area: 1.24 million sq km
Time Zone: GMT
Capital city: Bamako
Bordering countries: Algeria, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire, Mauritania, Niger, and Senegal
Climate: subtropical to arid; hot and dry (February to June); rainy, humid, and mild (June to November); cool and dry (November to February)
unicameral National Assembly
National Holiday: 22 September
Currency: CFA franc (XOF)
Population: Approximately 11.6 million
Religion: Muslim majority
Languages: French (official), Bambara
Ethnic groups: Mande majority (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), with large Peul and Voltaic communities, and smaller Songhai Tuareg and Moor groups