Located on the western coast of the African continent, Mauritania borders with Senegal to the south and Western Sahara to the North, also with Algeria and Mali. As a result of prolonged, severe drought, the country is made up of approx 75% desert or semi desert which has continued to expand since the 1960’s. The land mass is mainly flat with rocky outcrops, the centre and northern area of the country being entirely desert with occasional peaks which rise out of the landscape, often rich in minerals. The smaller peaks are called ‘guelbs’ and the larger peaks are called ‘Kedias’. The highest, ‘Kediet ej Jill’ is 1000meters above sea level and is located near the city of Zouirat.
A series of plateaus in the north east of the country reach their highest point at 500m above sea level and gradually descend to an area of sand dunes which becomes part of the Sahara desert. This is a shifting landscape, the dunes being larger and more mobile in the north. The plateaus are interspersed with rocky scars, at the base of which oasis can be found. There are belts of vegetation that stretch from east to west across the southern part of the country, following the rainfall pattern; these vary in nature from savanna in the south east to tropical forest along the Senegal River.
The history of Mauritania dates back to the middle ages when it was the cradle of the Almoravid movement. In the 15th century European traders took an interest in the country and in the early 1800s France took control of the coastal region, the entire country coming under France in 1904. Independence was gained in 1960 but the country experienced ongoing political turbulence thereafter. Independence was not without opposition, initially from Morocco which tried to absorb it and later in 1976 a military coup led by Polisario Front guerrillas led to the downfall of Moktar Ould Daddah, the leader of the country since independence was first obtained. Another coup in 2005 led to the downfall of President Taya, and this was followed by yet another coup just one year later. The country formed an alliance with America in 1999 but this was broken off in 2009. In recent years, Al Queda militants have become increasingly active, kidnapping and killing several foreigners.
The population of just over 3.3 million is made up of Arab-Berber peoples in the north and Black Africans in the south. Many of the country’s inhabitants are nomads.
Arabic is the official language of Mauritania, with French also being spoken, as well as numerous tribal languages.
Mauritania is one of the world’s poorest countries with a GDP amongst the lowest. Locals rely mainly on agriculture and livestock to make a frugal living. Potential lies in offshore reserves of natural gas and oil, exploitation of which began in 2006, of particularly interest are the Chinguetti and Tiof fields.
Mauritania experiences an average of only 100mm of rainfall annually – in the south rainfall is 600mm per year. The ‘rainy season’ is between July and September. Between November and March the climate is pleasant, with temperatures in the mid 20s; after sundown the temperature drops noticeably.
Mauritania is a country with a vast arid landscape which offers a unique natural beauty to be discovered by its visitors. Deep canyons cut into the desert which is interspersed with oases , whilst the west coast is rugged with sandy beaches that stretch for kilometers, unspoiled and undeveloped.
The capital, Nouakchott, is the largest city in the Sahara region. It was constructed when Mauritania gained independence in 1960. The city spreads 5km inland from the coast and has developed in a haphazard manner to reach the size it is today.
Main expatriate destination cities:
Most expatriates relocating into the country are assigned to Nouakchott. Other centers are a lot smaller than the capital; workers in the mining industry will however be working inland.
Main foreign investors:
The economy of the country has yet to be privatized; this is the main issue facing the government at the present time. The leading export item is iron ore, which accounts for 50% of the total. Gold and copper mines are abundant inland and this sector is growing due to increased demand. The fishing industry used to be larger than it is now, due to over-fishing and depletion of stocks. Oil was found off the coast in 2001 (Cinguetti deposit) and a lot of potential lies in its future exploitation.
The official language of the country is Arabic, with French also being widely spoken and taught in all schools. Non Muslim religions are tolerated by the government although not recognized.
The peoples of Mauritania are made up of Arab – Berber and Black Africans. The uniting feature of such diverse peoples is the fact they all adhere to Sunni Islam.
Leisure activities and opportunities: Most opportunities lie in desert exploration as well as costal activities. The area is not developed but opportunities exist to discover the natural beauty of the country. The capital has numerous restaurants which offer refreshment at the end of a days’ exploration. The National Museum in Nouakchott is worth a visit as well as the lively fishing port, Port De Peche, which provides an insight into local culture and lifestyle.
Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.
Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.
Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.
City by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.
International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.
Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.
Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.
Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.
Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.
Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.
Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.
Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.
Ongoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.
Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.
Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.
Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.
• HTLC Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration
• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country
• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures
• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign
• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised
• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination
• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application
• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city
• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service
For more info about our immigration services in Mauritania please contact our marketing department at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Nouakchott was a small village until 1957, when it was chosen as the capital of Mauritania, in part because of the aquifer there. A large-scale construction program began in 1958, when Mauritania became an autonomous republic with the French Community. Today Nouakchott is Mauritania’s largest city and its administrative center. Its ocean port, which is c.4 mi (6.4 km) from the city proper, has modern storage facilities, especially for petroleum; a deepwater harbor was built in the 1980s.
Handicrafts are made, and light industry is carried on in the city. Nouakchott is located on a major highway and has an international airport. The city’s growth has depleted the aquifer on which it depends;
construction of a pipeline to the distant Senegal River is planned. Some historians believe that nearby stood the ribat (monastery) from which the Muslim Almoravids set out on their conquests of Africa and Spain in the 11th cent.
Properties are rented either unfurnished or furnished, furnishings may not always be up to standard expatriates are used to.
There is a certain amount of flexibiliy; it depends on the individual landlord.
It is not common practice to make a pre- contractual agreement, therefore once a suitable property has been identified, negotiation takes place and contract is drawn up.
This depends on the Relocation Package you have; Our Basic Package includes 8 properties and our Standard Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.
There is usually no Real Estate Agency fee to be paid by the tenant. Rent is usually paid 3 months up front – sometimes a year is requested, other times it may be monthlyA security deposit is not usually paid but may be requested by landlord.
The rental contract must be registered with a notary, cost is minimal. A service fee or condominium fee is to be paid when renting a property in a building with other dwellings.
Once a suitable property is identified, the contract is negotiated and is signed by both parties. Payment is made. The contract must thereafter be registered at the relevant office by the tenant.
There is not usually a problem to obtain deposit back provided property is left in good condition.
Tenant is responsible for general maintenance as specified in rental contract.
Only with the written consent of the landlord.
It is usually possible to include a break clause, rent paid in advance will be forfeited, minimum penalty is one month (the minimum notice period required).
Electricity, water and telephone are billed according to consumption. Gas is available bottled.
The accounts are passed into tenants name and bills are sent to the property address on a monthly basis. Payment can be made directly at the office of the utility company, by certified cheque or bank transfer.
A lease contract, ID and an application/letter of request.
Usually it will be connected within 72 hours.
You can request bills be sent to property address on a monthly basis.
An international driving license is valid.
A foreign plated car can be driven for up to 40 days and thereafter must be registered locally.
Yes a foreigner can purchase a car with regular documents.
A Residence Permit and a valid Work Permit.
No, you can enter with a short-term visa and we will assist to get long-term permit in-country.
Dependant family members can apply for Residency Permit on the basis of being accompanying family members; they do not have the right to work in the country. If they want to work, they require a Work Permit in their own right.
It is common practice to provide residential security through a security provider.
Standard precautions as in any similar country – avoid areas that are unsafe or not recommended for foreigners.
It is recommended that you check with your embassy before travel; however it is advisable to take precautions against yellow fever, meningitis and malaria.
Yellow fever, Meningitis and Malaria are common.
– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with HTLC Network’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– HTLC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline.
During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.
Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered in Italy.
EMC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of the Company’ s ‘Camera di Commercio’ demonstrating position within the Company.
The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of EMC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.
Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.
For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible EMC Network will prepare power of attorney (Delega) in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.
To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.
All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.
All Local Counsellors are trained by EMC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.
All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.
All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.
In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.
EMC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.
We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.
Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.
Area: 1,030,700 sq km
Time Zone: GMT
Capital city: Nouakchott
Bordering countries: Algeria, Mali , Senegal and Western Sahara
Climate:desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty
Stateform: military junta
Legislative Branch: Bicameral legislature
National Holiday: 28 November
Currency: ouguiya (MRO)
Population: Approximately 3,205,060 inhabitants
Languages: Arabic and Berber
Ethnic groups: mixed Moor/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%