The History of the Republic of Moldova is the history of two different regions – Basarabia and Transnistria – that have been joined into one country, but not into one nation.
Moldova (formerly Moldavia) is one of the smallest of the former Soviet Republics. Located on the western borderlands of the Russian Empire, and later, the USSR, the region that would one day become the Republic of Moldova has long been part of a buffer zone used to protect Russia from Western influences and military forces. Lying directly between Ukraine and Romania, Moldova has long been the focal point for border disputes and expansionist policies. Prior to its tenuous unification, it had been overrun, split up, reunited, conquered, annexed, renamed, and taken back again many times over.
Moldova has a majority population of ethnic Romanians. Despite the Russian efforts to Slavicize them, most ethnic Romanians were able to maintain their identity and looked to Romania as the source of their culture. The collapse of Communism in the mid 1980s revived civil society and opened public debate in Moldavia, and a number of new political parties were formed. The Moldovan majority took the lead in severing ties with Moscow: sovereignty was declared in June 1990, and independence proclaimed in 1991.
Moldova kept its basic Soviet-era governmental structure, while adding a presidency, universal suffrage, and popular elections. However, the transition to democracy was initially impeded by an ineffective Parliament, the lack of a new constitution, separatist movements led by the Gagauz (Christian Turkic) minority in the south, and the Slavic majority – loyal to Russia – in the Transnistria region (along the border with Ukraine).
A new constitution was adopted in July 1994, and the conflict with the Gagauz minority was defused by the granting of local autonomy in the same year, while tensions continue in Transnistria, as separatist forces still maintain control of the region and negotiations are ongoing.
Unity and peaceful coexistence in Moldova seem tenuous, as republicans struggle to keep all the pieces together and smooth over the contradictions of being part Romanian, part Russian, and wholly Moldovan.
Moldova is a picturesque country of rolling green hills, whitewashed villages, placid lakes, and sunflower fields. It has an old-world charm and some of the best vineyards in Europe.
The countryside is comprised mainly of gently rolling agricultural lands with a gradual slope south toward the Black Sea. Seventy percent of the soil is composed of the famous, fertile “Black Earth” (chernozim), and there are few forests or woodlands.
Following independence, the government began the gradual transformation from a centrally planned to a market economy. Today, the economy is still heavily dependent on labour intensive agriculture, and Moldova must import virtually 100% of its primary energy. Almost all of Moldova’s energy is imported from Russia, and for this, it continues to be subject to Russian economic pressure.
Moldova’s proximity to the Black Sea gives it a mild and sunny climate. This makes the area ideal for agriculture and food processing. Moldova, like neighbouring Romania, has a well established wine industry, although it is still mainly family-based. Several brands are exported to bordering countries, and the most famous, Cricova, is also exported to the United States.
Like many other former Soviet republics, Moldova has experienced economic difficulties since it declared independency, but the economy has shown steady growth from economic reform. Continued progress is threatened though by: political factions that are resisting reform; sporadic and ineffective enforcement of the law; economic and political uncertainty.
The official language, Moldovan, is phonetically identical to Romanian, but business is often conducted in Russian. Most Romanian-speakers also speak Russian, but many members of the Russian and Ukrainian minorities do not speak Moldovan. English is not widely spoken. Moldovan women generally do not shake hands in either a social or business setting; instead it is customary to greet each other with a nod of the head, though men greet each other with a handshake.
In spite of economic and political problems, Moldova has much to offer. Main attractions include wine tours, historical sites, architectural monuments and natural parks. Chisinau, the capital city, is a moderate sized city that has preserved much of its pre Soviet character, with many low rise, older structures and tree shaded streets. Chisinau has an opera house, philharmonic orchestra, several theatres, and a circus. Sidewalk cafes are very pleasant in the summer and fall. There are some sports clubs for tennis, swimming, etc. Expats often take advantage of the opportunity to take music lessons, ballet, or other classes offered by quality professionals at low cost.
Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.
Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.
Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.
City by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.
International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.
Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.
Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.
Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.
Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.
Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.
Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.
Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.
Ongoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.
Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.
Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.
Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.
• HTLC Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration
• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country
• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures
• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign
• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised
• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination
• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application
• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city
• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service
For more info about our immigration services in Moldova please contact our marketing department at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Unfurnished properties have no furniture, although there will be bathroom fittings (usually a tub is more common than a shower unit).
Semi-furnished properties are very rare, they would have a furnished kitchen and bathroom.
Fully furnished properties would have all furniture – In general furnishings are of a good level in apartments that are new or have been recently refurbished, although in older properties, furnishings are not of the standard expected by expatriates ( Refurbished apartments are often indicated as being ‘EuroRemont’ or ‘EuroReparatii’).
Monthly rental price is generally negotiable if a long term lease is required (i.e. minimum of one year). Due to the many tourists that visit the islands throughout the summer, landlords are sure to be able to command their asking price, especially if renting the more fashionable properties on the sea front. They are therefore reluctant to drop the price unless there is a time commitment on the part of the tenant. It is not likely that a landlord will agree to undertake work on the property, install extra furniture and lower the price.
This depends on the Relocation Package you have; Our Basic Package includes 8 properties and our Extended Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.
You must inform your Relocation Coordinator of any requests you have on the property. A lease contract will then be negotiated and this should be signed by both parties and relevant payments made.
It is not common practice to prepare a ‘pre-contract’ nor to pay a holding deposit for a property, it is a case of the first who comes with the money and is ready to sign the contract obtains the property.
Most agencies charge a finding fee for sourcing of potential properties.Real estate agency fee is usually one month rent.
First rental payment – usually one month but sometimes one year is required up front.
Security deposit – this can be between one and three months rent.
If in an apartment block, there will be a condominium expense, to cover lighting, cleaning and maintenance of common areas and elevator . This is a monthly charge in addition to the rental fee.
Once the desired property is selected and requests made, the lease contract is negotiated. This is then signed by both parties in the presence of the Real Estate agent and relevant payments are made.
At the time of move in an inventory is taken and signed by both parties.
As long as the property is handed back in the same state as when it was rented out ( minus usual wear and tear ) and the contract is not terminated early, you will receive the full deposit back.
General maintenance is the responsibility of the tenant, major maintenance is the responsibility of the landlord.
Only with the written consent of the landlord.
A break clause can be negotiated at times, it depends on the individual landlord’s availability. Usually the security deposit will be forfeited if the lease is terminated early.
Electricity, Water , Heating and Gas.
Apartments with independent heating receive a monthly bill from MOLDOVAGAZ – this covers gas used for both heating and for hot water.
Apartments with centralized heating systems and hot water ( provided by the town authorities through thermo central units and piped to each block ) will have a monthly charge called Intretinere- (this is running expenses in a condominium , or service charge), it is calculated by the landlords association of every block.
This latter is the less convenient option, because in winter expenses for heating could be almost double that of the heating of an autonomous apartment, due to the lower efficiency of the system .There are also issues if many occupants of a building do not pay the heating charges, the heating company close down the heating system, and all remain without.
Utilities generally remain in the name of the landlord. Bills are sent directly to the property address. All bills are sent monthly apart from Electricity bills which are sent every two months.
Bills can be paid by bank transfer or directly at the utility office.
Telephone lines usually remain in the name of the landlord. If transferred into the name of the tenant, a signed lease contract must be presented along with an ID document.
Usually one week.
Bills arrive to the property address monthly.
An international licence must be obtained to drive in Moldova.
There is no limit on the time period, however, when circulating with a foreign licence plate, your car will be stopped by every policeman controlling the traffic . As in other countries of the ‘Russian world it is not uncommon to be threatened in order to obtain money. This can be really a nightmare, especially if the person doesn’t t speak Moldavian or Russian and is not experienced in dealing with this kind of situation.
Foreign cars are subject to taxes not imposed upon locally registered vehicles as well as a circulation tax (paid at the border every time the vehicle enters or re-enters).
Car theft is very common in the country and it is highly recommended that you do not park your car on the street for any length of time.
Foreigners wishing to work in Moldova for more than 90 days require a Work Permit and a Residence Permit.
Yes you can. Processing time is generally one month.
Your family members can apply for a Residence Permit but if they want to work in Moldova, they will require a Work Permit too.
– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with HTLC Network’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– HTLC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline.
During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.
Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered locally.
HTLC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of the Company’ s document demonstrating position within the Company.
The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of HTLC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.
Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.
For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible HTLC Network will prepare power of attorney in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.
To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.
All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.
All Local Counsellors are trained by HTLC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.
All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.
All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.
In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.
HTLC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.
We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.
Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.
Area: 33,843 sq km
Time Zone: GMT+2
Capital city: Chisinau
Bordering countries: Romania, Ukraine
Climate: moderate winters, warm summers
Legislative Branch: Unicameral Parliament
National Holiday: 27 August
Currency: Moldovian leu (MDL)
Population: Approximately Approximately 4.5 million
Religion: Eastern Orthodox majority, Jewish and Baptist
Languages: Moldovan (official), Russian and Gagauz
Ethnic groups: Moldovan/Romanian majority with large Ukrainian and Russian communities and smaller Gagauz and Bulgarian groups