The Republic of Montenegro is a small picturesque nation located in South Eastern Europe. Its native name, Crna Gora, literally translates to “Black Mountain”, a reference to the dark forests that once covered the slopes of the Dinaric Alps.
Independent from the late Middle Ages until 1918, the country was later a part of various incarnations of Yugoslavia and the state union of Serbia and Montenegro. The break up of the Yugoslav Federation in 1989 left Montenegro in a precarious position, therefore in 1992, it joined Serbia in passing the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Though Montenegro affirmed its political attachment to Serbia, a sense of a distinct Montenegrin identity continued to thrive. Following a vote for full independence in the plebiscite of May 21, 2006, Montenegro declared independence in June 2006, becoming the youngest sovereign nation in the world.
Montenegro is rich in natural heritage; its richness in cultural and historical sights makes it an attractive destination. It also a country of contrasts; on a rather small surface area, the landscape varies from fruitful plains and river valleys, to high and arid mountains, and the climate ranges from mild Mediterranean to severe mountainous.
In a single day, it’s possible to visit the seaside, the lakes, the canyons or the mountains.
Montenegro protects its natural beauties by law. In fact, it is the first country to have proclaimed itself an ecological state. This model of preservation and protection of its clear sea, rivers and air adds to the attractiveness of Montenegro.
Montenegro is characterized by substantial contrasts between its northern, central and southern regions.
The North, primarily mountainous, is the least developed region and depends mostly on industry and small agriculture. The central region, including the Capital city Podgorica, is more developed, and industry and services, and to a lesser extent agriculture, constitute the basis of its economic activity. In the South – i.e. the coastal area – services, tourism and transport provide the basis of the economy.
Montenegro made its first steps towards an industrial economy only in the beginning of the XX century, however this delay has had its positive effects: Montenegro survived as an ecological oasis. During Tito’s era, Montenegro experienced a rapid period of urbanization and industrialization. After the break up of Yugoslavia, the loss of previously guaranteed markets and suppliers left the Montenegrin industrial sector reeling. The disintegration of the Yugoslav market, and the imposition of the UN sanctions in 1992 caused one of Montenegro’s greatest economic and financial crises since World War II. Recovery only really began after the end of the Kosovo conflict in 1999, and the adoption of the German Mark and later, the Euro.
Montenegro’s advantage is diversification, through the development of agriculture, tourism and all service industries. Promising industries are food processing and metal processing (aluminium, steel and minerals). Tourism, mainly along the Adriatic coast, is booming, and Montenegro ranks as one of the top-growing tourism destinations in the world.
With its 117 beaches, ski resorts, 240 days of sunshine per year and the Unesco-protected Venetian city of Kotor, Montenegro has a lot to offer. Even though it’s known almost exclusively for its coast, the country offers also a wealth of outdoor activities, from skiing to hiking to rafting.
Montenegro is a small country, so no place is farther than a day or weekend trip from Podgorica, the Capital. To meet the needs of the growing international community, the country has invested in facilities for the expat community – which is expected to keep growing in the near future – such as the opening of the International school in Podgorica in the beginning of 2006. Knowledge of foreign languages – English, German, and Italian – is widespread among young Montenegrins and those working in the coastal tourist industry.
Montenegro’s stunning scenery, a long summer season, much-improved infrastructure, and proximity by plane to major European destinations make it surely an interesting and pleasant destination.
Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.
Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.
Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.
City by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.
International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.
Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.
Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.
Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.
Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.
Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.
Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.
Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.
Ongoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.
Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.
Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.
Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.
• HTLC Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration
• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country
• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures
• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign
• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised
• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination
• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application
• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city
• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service
For more info about our immigration services in Montenegro please contact our marketing department at: firstname.lastname@example.org
An unfurnished property will be totally empty; this means no kitchen furniture, and at times no bathroom fixtures.
A semi-furnished property will include kitchen furniture, light fittings and also bathroom furniture.
Furnished properties are quite common, and can include anything from the basics such as kitchen furniture, table, chairs, beds, and bathroom furniture to everything you could possibly require in a property. Soft furnishings are frequently included. A fully furnished property frequently includes air conditioning, laundry, cable TV, ADSL phone lines, alarm systems.
Your Relocation Coordinator will confirm whether or not the property has these facilities.
It is always worth trying to offer a slightly lower figure than the asking price or request to have other furniture installed or work done on the property. Generally, if the requests of a prospective tenant are high and costly, the landlord will agree to do the works requested with an increase in the rent. It is not likely that a landlord will agree to undertake work on the property, install extra furniture and lower the price.
This depends on the Relocation Package you have selected: HTLC Network Basic Package includes 8 properties and the Standard Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.
When you choose a property you can ensure that it will not be rented to someone else by making a ‘down payment’. The parties involved agree upon the figure required for the advance payment, but it usually corresponds to one-month’s rent.
In this way the property is ‘blocked’ for maximum thirty days. When the final contract is signed, the deposit is deducted from the rental payment due. Should the tenant withdraw from the Agreement, the deposit is lost. If the landlord wants to withdraw from his contractual obligations, he will legally be required to repay the tenant double the figure he received in advance.
– Real Estate agency fees: From half a month to one-month rental value. The landlord will pay the fee.
– Security deposit: usually 1-month rental value, although this may vary according to the property and the length of the contract.
– First rental payment (minus a holding deposit if previously paid). Some landlords require an upfront payment of 3 months to 1 year’s rent. This will be specified in the contract. In some cases, paying in advance could provide reduction of rental fees.
– If a property contract is registered, an additional charge is levied of 14-18% each month (registration tax)
All the expenses are separate from the rent, and related to consumption (heating, electricity, water, telephone, garbage, etc.) as well as any condominium expenses (cleaning and lighting of the shared areas, elevator etc.).
Once the property is selected, HTLC Network will negotiate on your behalf. Once an agreement has been reached, a legally valid contract is prepared. An appointment is arranged for the tenant (or company representative) and landlord to sign the contract. The contract is read through and the HTLC Network’ Local Counsellor will translate as necessary.
All the copies of the contract should then be signed. As soon as you enter the apartment, we will arrange a thorough inventory/property inspection together with the landlord and your Local Counsellor.
Provided that the property and any furnishings are returned in the state in which they were initially rented, or the tenant leaves the property before the initial agreement, Emc Network will be able to negotiate the return of the deposit for you.
In Montenegro the tenant is responsible for general maintenance whereas the landlord is responsible for major maintenance.
Basically this means that all plumbing and electrical fixtures that are outside of the walls or visible are the responsibility of the tenant (leaking taps, door bell that does not work etc.). The landlord is responsible for the plumbing and electrical system within the walls of the property; e.g. heating pipes. It is however, the tenant’s duty to inform the landlord immediately about any repairs that need to be carried out. In the case of misuse, or deliberate damage of the property, unless otherwise stated in the contract, the tenant will be held responsible for the expenses incurred.
Only with permission of the landlord.
Small changes (e.g. hanging of towel rails in the bathroom) may be made but the property is to be handed back in exactly the same state it was consigned. Therefore, any holes made in the walls must be filled and painted over before leaving the property, unless a different agreement is made with the landlord.
In case alternations have been made to improve the property without the permission of the landlord, the landlord has the right to not reimburse any expenses the tenant has had in relation to the work. In cases where the landlord does not approve with the changes made, he/she has the right to require the tenant to put the property back into its original structure.
HTLC Network will ensure a diplomatic break clause is inserted into the contract for the protection of the tenant. In the contract it is often possible to include a notice period even as short as 1 month.
The Deposit shall be returned to the Lessee upon return of the premises and cost settlement, usually within 15 days from the date the Agreement is terminated or it will be used as the payment for the last month of lease with the mutual agreement of both parties.
– Utility payments are never included in the rent. Tenants are responsible to pay for electricity, heating and water according to consumption. A garbage tax is also levied on each property.
– Condominium that includes cleaning of the stairs, lighting of the shared areas and elevator, in addition to any telephone and Cable TV/Satellite TV expenses.
Please note that many technicians do not speak English.
Telephone lines are already available in most properties. In cases where there is no line, an installation fee has to be paid. Apart from a copy of the rental contract, no particular document is required when applying for the installation. Your Relocation Coordinator will arrange this for you.
Normally it will be installed within one week.
Bills arrive to the property address monthly.
It is possible to obtain a connection through the normal phone line or with the ADSL line.
Foreign citizens may drive in Montenegro on their national Drivers licence accompanied by a valid International Driving Permit (IDP).
A foreign registered car must be accompanied by the Green Card or International Motor Insurance Certificate.
Yes a foreigner can purchase a car.
Foreigners wishing to work in Montenegro require a Temporary Residence Permit and a Work Permit. Applications are made locally after the arrival of the Transferee.
Yes you can.
Your family members can apply for a Temporary Residence Permit but if they want to work in Montenegro, they may require a Work Permit too.
During EMC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. EMC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.
Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered in Italy.
EMC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of the Company’ s ‘Camera di Commercio’ demonstrating position within the Company.
The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of EMC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.
Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.
For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible EMC Network will prepare power of attorney (Delega) in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.
To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.
All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.
All Local Counsellors are trained by EMC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.
All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.
All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.
In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.
EMC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.
We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.
Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.
Area: 13,812 sq km
Time Zone: GMT + 1
Capital city: Podgorica
Bordering countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Serbia
Climate: Mediterranean climate, hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfalls inland
State form: Republic
National Holidays: 13 July
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Ethnic Groups: Montenegrin majority with large Serb, Bosniak and Albanian Communities
Religion: Orthodox, Muslim, and Roman Catholic
Languages: Serbian (Ijekavian dialect – official), Bosnian, Albanian, Croatian