Romania is located in Eastern Europe. It borders with Ukraine to the north, The Republic of Moldavia to the east, Bulgaria and Serbia to the south and Hungary to the west. To the southeast lies the Black Sea.
The country has a 244 km coastline, with beautiful sandy beaches at Mamaia, Constanza, Eforie and Mangalia. The Danube river Delta is a particularly beautiful area, a small paradise with a wealth of wildlife and birds living freely in their natural habitat.
‘THE GRANARY OF EUROPE’
The capital Bucharest, located in the south, is the economic and political centre of the country. The population of the capital is around 2.3 million. The position and climate of Romania gives the country good agricultural possibilities. For many years, at the end of the sixteenth century the country was known as the ‘Granary of Europe’.
The relief of Romania is varied. There is a large highland area in the middle of the country, the Subcatpats, this is surrounded by a ring of mountains known as the Carpathian Mountains. These mountains have their highest point at the peak of 2,848 m; they are covered in rich forests. The mountains descend into lowland areas with a series of huge plains; the Danube plain in the south, Banat Plain in the west and the Moldavia Plain in the east.
A COUNTRY WITH A LONG HISTORY
The history of Romania dates back many centuries. Over 2000 years ago it bore the name Geto Dacia. It was conquered by the Roman Empire under Emperor Julius Caesar. After several years of Roman domination the locals regained their independence but the country was divided in smaller regions: Moldavia, Transylvania, Banat, Dobrogea, Tara Romaneasca, and Bucovina.
During the seventh century several local kings attempted to re-unite the regions, but it wasn’t until the end of domination by the Ottoman Empire around C17th that the country finally gained independence in 1877. In December 1918 Transylvania, Moldavia, Banat and Bucovina were finally reunited into a single independent state and named The Republic of Romania.
During the Second World War, Romania was under Nazi domination until its liberation on 23 August 1944. It was then under the Ceausescu regime until communist domination finally ended with the revolution in 1989 when Romania became a democratic country.
Romania, like its neighbours in Central and Eastern Europe, is looking forward to attracting further foreign investment in order to establish itself as one of the most important emergin markets in Eastern Europe.
As a result of economic reforms since 1989 and the fact that EU membership is pending for 2007, Romania’s economy has seen many positive changes over the past years and these look set to continue into the future.
OPENING UP TO EUROPE
The EU is Romania’s major trading partner, and export toward the EU market is constantly growing. Romania also benefits from favourable trade agreements between Central and Eastern European Countries, and has bilateral trade agreements with countries in the greater Danube area as well as with Russia and Turkey.
Romania is a country rich in natural resources and, due to this advantage, heavy industry such as mining presently accounts for 35 to 40% of the economic sector.
The Romanian government is attempting to resolve the bureaucratic and financial bottlenecks around foreign investment directed to the industry sector.
Despite this, Romania provides an interesting opportunity for the foreign investor, especially with the government’s privatisation programmes and promotion of the internal market.
The country also has an important agricultural sector, second after Poland in the Central and Eastern European countries, with a large percentage of the local population still being employed in this sector. The country’s mountains are covered with dense forests so there is an abundance of wood. This was used as a principal construction material for many hundreds of years and there are many ancient wooden houses and churches that still remain. Among these are the famous Moldavian monasteries at Voronet, Sucevita, Moldovita and Humor.
Since the country has regained its freedom after years of dictatorships, it is flourishing. Modern cafes and boulevards testify to the regained liberty of the Romanian population. Romania has opened its borders to an increasing number of foreign visitors.
The country now has a developing tourist industry that draws foreigners throughout the year. The Carpathian Mountains, with ski resorts at Predeal, Poiana and Brasov attract many foreign visitors throughout the winter, whereas during the summer months many visit the beach resorts on the Black Sea, Mamaia, Constanza, Eforie, and Mangalia. These areas offer natural beauty that as yet remains unspoilt.
RICH ON CULTURE AND HISTORY
The Romanian people are rediscovering their ancient heritage and customs and are sharing these with their foreign visitors. Although communism encouraged the arts, many Romanian artists chose to leave the country during the years of dictatorship. Now that the country has regained liberty, it offers visiting tourists a diversity of cultures and traditions with strong Byzantine influence. Romania’s folk culture remains one of the strongest in Europe and includes many celebrations and re- enactments of ancient festivals in which the locals dress in traditional costume and perform their national songs and dances. Particularly renowned are the celebrations held in the Sighet Maramures region and in Brasov – Transylvania.
BUCHAREST AND BEYOND
The capital of Romania, Bucharest, with some 2.3 million inhabitants, is the economic and political centre of the country. This is where the vast majority of expatriates on international assignments are relocated. Due to increased private initiative, there has been a boom in the real estate market in Bucharest in recent years leading to the construction of many new properties in the suburbs. An area especially popular with the expat community is located to the north of the city, beyond the Baneasa airport.
Timisoara, a modern city located in the west of the country, is also proving increasingly popular with foreign companies wishing to establish local entities. Constructed on the Bega River in the Banat Plain, Timisoara has always been an important industrial and agricultural centre of the country. Its geographic location and the occidental influence (the region of Transylvania came under Austrian and Hungarian domination on several occasions) helped in the development of the city.
In Bucharest and other main cities, English language facilities are available for the expatriate community and, whilst general living conditions are not the same as in Western or Northern Europe, Romania offers a wealth of different things to discover to those on international assignments.
Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.
Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.
Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.
City by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.
International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.
Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.
Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.
Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.
Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.
Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.
Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.
Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.
Ongoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.
Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.
Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.
Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.
• HTLC Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration
• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country
• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures
• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign
• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised
• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination
• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application
• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city
• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service
For more info about our immigration services in Romania please contact our marketing department at: email@example.com
Bucharest is the primary entry point into Romania and a booming city with many large infrastructure projects changing the old face of the city. Known in the past as “The Little Paris,” Bucharest has changed a lot lately, and today it has become a very interesting mix of old and new that has little to do with its initial reputation.
Finding a 300 year old church, a steel-and-glass office building and Communist-era apartment blocks next to one another is a common sight. Bucharest offers some excellent attractions, and has, in recent years, cultivated a sophisticated, trendy, and modern sensibility that many have come to expect from a European capital.
Bucharest has been undergoing major construction and modernization works in recent years, such as the Basarab Overpass and the National Arena. Bucharest has benefited from an economic boom along with the EU grants that have helped rebuild neglected parts of the city, such as the historic Lipscani area.
In a furnished apartment, each room and bathroom would be equipped with all necessary furniture, including electro domestics and kitchen appliances. A standard furnished kitchen would usually include a washing machine, oven, dishwasher, crockery and cutlery. Microwave oven may sometimes also be included. Soft furnishings are generally included.
A semi-furnished would include a furnished kitchen with basic equipment, bathroom furnishings, and some basic furniture in the living area as well as light fittings.
An unfurnished apartment is usually totally bare, with a partially equipped kitchen containing cupboards and sometimes basic electro domestics. Bathrooms normally include fittings.
There is much flexibility and room to negotiate both asking price and furnishings included in the property.
Most real estate agencies are willing to present alternative offers to landlords and the landlords themselves tend to be very flexible and accommodating.
This depends on the Relocation Package you have selected: HTLC Network Basic Package includes 8 properties and the Extended Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.
There is no specific law governing this – it depends very much on what each individual landlord requires. However, the possibility exists to secure a property by means of a ‘pre-contract’. This would require a deposit to be paid, generally of up to 3 months rent. Some landlords want the final contract signed and the money paid as soon as possible.
In the vast majority of cases, landlords are prepared to wait for the tenant to make necessary payment arrangements and sign the final contract directly.
First rental payment is generally of 3 months. Thereafter, rent is generally paid quarterly, although this depends on the arrangement reached between landlord and tenant as stipulated in the property contract.
Real Estate Commissions; both the landlord and the tenant will have to pay the commission. The amount may vary from one agency to another. It is recommended that your Local Counsellor accompanies you during all negotiations and payments.
Security Deposit: There is no law in Romania covering this aspect; some landlords may require 1 month’s deposit for an unfurnished property or 2 months for a furnished one. However, this depends on the agreement reached between landlord and tenant.
Utilities are paid according to consumption.
Romanian law states that the rental contract should be registered. If as a tenant you require to use the address of the property in order to register for a Residency Permit, it is necessary for tenant and landlord to register the property contract at the nearest Financial Administration office, within 30 days of signing the contract. Upon registration, taxes will have to be paid on the property by the landlord.
Once selected, EMC Network will ensure that a legally valid contract is prepared. Once the contract details have been agreed upon, an appointment will be made for contract signing – usually at the real estate agency. If elsewhere, the real estate agent must, however, be present.
All payments must be made to the landlord and/or the real estate agent and should be done so accompanied by your Local Counsellor operating as a witness, especially if the payment is done in cash.
The landlord and you as a tenant have to go together to the local Financial Administration office to register the contract.
A thorough inventory/property inspection will be taken upon entry.
If the property is returned in the same condition as when it was consigned, i.e. without damages, HTLC Network will be able to negotiate a full deposit return for you.
The owner cares for all property maintenance – he will foot the bill for minor and major repairs. If the tenant causes any damage wilfully or because of misuse, he would be responsible to repair such.
Most landlords are pleased if their tenants want to make improvements to the property. Basically, although it is always advisable to obtain the landlord’s prior permission, alterations can be made as long as you leave them behind and you are prepared to foot the bill.
You will only lose the rental payments that you have made up front.
– Approx 5% of sale figure for change of ownership.
– 3% of sale figure for Real Estate commissions.
– 19% VAT – applicable only for newly built properties.
– Notary fees of approximately 10-15 % of the stated property value.
For apartment blocks, utility expenses include: electricity and telephone according to consumption. Cable-TV and Internet if available are also billed directly. Water and gas are usually paid as part of the condominium fee.
For an individual property, expenses include electricity, water, gas, telephone, garbage, cable, Internet, cleaning/maintenance drainage taxes.
In apartment blocks, water and gas are paid as part of the condominium fees, thus paid to the building administrator. As for other utilities, bills arrive to the property and must be paid at the relevant utility customer office within 15 days. In some areas, a company representative will contact the property and collect the due payment. Payment through bank transfer or special utility payment management agencies is also possible in certain areas of the main cities.
If you choose to have cable, once a company is selected, the landlord generally signs the contract. Cable TV offers around 30 channels (Romanian, French, German, Italian, Hungarian, Spanish, British, American).
Bills are to be paid in advance each month. Satellite TV provides a greater selection of programmes. Dishes can be purchased or rented if not in place.
A written request must be submitted to have a line installed. Within 30 days you will be notified whether or not it is technically possible to install a telephone line or not. If the answer is positive, you have to present an ID document and proof of residency to the Customer Care Centre closest to your property.
A phone apparatus must be bought, either from the telephone company or independently. The phone lines available are Analogue and ISDN only.
Officially, once a request has been approved, the line should be installed within 15 working days.
Mobile phones can be purchased and connected immediately in a mobile phone shop.
Telephone bills arrive monthly to the property address. They can be paid in cash at a Customer Care Centres or through bank transfer.
For up to 90 days one can drive with an EU or foreign licence, thereafter one must apply to change to a Romanian licence.
An International Licence is valid for up to one year, thereafter a Romanian licence must be obtained. Certain licences can be converted into Romanian in which case an exam must be taken.
Yes, as long as you have your passport with a valid visa (if required) and are in possession of a valid Residency Permit. You may buy either a new car or a second hand car that is already registered in Romania.
This depends on whether the worker is a locally employee (a local hire) or is working for a Romanian Branch Office of a foreign mother company. In general, a Work Visa and a Stay Permit are required. The residency must be applied for in addition to the work visa.
Not always; whenever possible, HTLC Network will act with Power of Attorney on your behalf.
First, an application for permission must be applied for from the relevant government office. Thereafter, a Work Visa must be applied for and last of all the Work Permit.
Your dependant family members will also need to apply for Residency, based on your valid Work Permit. Should any member of the family also wish to work, they would have to apply for a personal Work Permit in their own right (as local hire or other).
In Romania, health care facilities consist of the public health care system or private insurance plans. A foreigner can enter the government health care system if he is in possession of a valid Residency Permit and a Working Card and pays the required monthly contributions. A’ Working Card’ is released when the employee is registered by the employer at the Financial Administration and at the Employment Ministry – it is proof that monthly contributions are being paid by the employer and employee. Most foreigners in Romania opt for private medical facilities.
For emergency situations, care is available at hospitals offering this service – we recommend you check with your embassy locally or HTLC Network’s City Specific Resource Guide.
Expats generally opt for private medical assistance – it is generally less expensive, more convenient and faster. Most hospital doctors also work in private clinics so a high standard of medical care is guaranteed. Please check HTLC Network’ City Specific Resource Guide for a list of private specialists locally.
– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with HTLC Netowork’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– HTLC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline.
HTLC Network will prepare all the necessary paperwork, email it to the Company and direct as to how the various documents are to be printed out and signed. We will send one of our Local Counsellors with Power of Attorney to act on behalf of the individual and company.
When the Transferee has to be present to apply for a document, he will be accompanied by our Local Counsellor.
When all paper work has been prepared, approved and signed by the relevant companies, it can take 6-8 weeks during which time Italian law states that the expatriate must not be in Italy.
During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.
Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered locally.
HTLC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of the Company’ s document demonstrating position within the Company.
The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of HTLC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.
Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.
For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible HTLC Network will prepare power of attorney in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.
To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.
All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.
All Local Counsellors are trained by HTLC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.
All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.
All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.
In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.
HTLC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.
We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.
Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.
Area: 237,500 sq km
Time Zone: GMT+ 2
Capital city: Bucharest
Bordering countries: Bulgaria, Hungary, Moldova, Serbia and Montenegro, Ukraine
Climate: cold and cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent thunderstorms.
Legislative Branch: bicameral Parliament.
National Holiday: 1 December
Currency: Ron (leu)
Population: Approximately 22 million inhabitants Religion: Eastern Orthodox, smaller Protestant and Catholic groups.
Languages: Romanian, Hungarian, German.
Ethnic groups: Romanian majority with smaller groups from neighbouring countries.