HTLC Network | Sudan
HTLC Network is a valuable support that can help you to transform the challenges of an international relocation into a successful and satisfying life experience. We provide global corporate and private relocation and immigration services and we are present in many different parts of the world, being able to meet your requests, to ensure the utmost attention to every detail
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Sudan is the largest and one of the most diverse countries in Africa. At its north-eastern border it provides access to the Red Sea through more than 800 km of coastline.


Sudan borders Egypt, Libya, Chad, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Eritrea. Sudan hosts deserts, mountains to the east and west as well as swamps and rain forests, the Nile and its tributaries.



Once ruled as an Anglo-Egyptian Condominium Sudan drew inspiration for a revolt in 1955 from Egyptian nationalism but did not gain independence until 1956. In 1962 civil war broke out in the southern parts of Sudan and the country is still suffering after decades of conflicts. The main ingredients feeding the war is oil, the Islamic Sharia-law (introduced by Numieri 1983 causing a religious conflict between the Christian south and the Islamic north) and the genocide in Darfur. In spite of several attempts for peace agreements the situation remains unchanged as these decisions do not cover the Darfur region. Chinas’ large oil interests in Sudan blocks any real action by the UN security council and without political pressure from the world on the governments in Sudan and China the situation in Darfur remains unchanged and critical.



The Arab population in the north and African in the south make up the main percentage of the population, but the Sudanese have numerous different ethnic backgrounds and there are more than 300 local tribes. About 60 per cent of the population are Muslim, 25 per cent are animist, and 15 per cent Christian.



Arabic is the official language, but it is assumed more than 400 tribal languages and dialects exists. English was acknowledged as the principal language in southern Sudan and at the University of Khartoum in late 1980’s but in 1990 a new policy for higher education was announced by the Sudanese government indicating the language of instruction in all institutions of higher learning would be Arabic.



After decades of violent civil war together with political instability, draught, a large foreign debt and huge arrears Sudan is left struggling with a weak economic situation. Due to the extremely dry climate in the central part of the country, the main agricultural activities concentrate in Khartoum, Port Sudan, or around the Nile River. The government sparked the economy in 1999 changing its economic behaviour through macro economic reforms and if peace could replace the ongoing war the dividends could be great as Sudan has large areas of cultivatable land, with natural resources such as gold, cotton, sesame, sugar and oil.



Sudan has four main climactic zones ; the north which has hot ,dry weather with hardly any rain and temperatures reaching a maximum of 43.3 degrees C (110 degrees F); central areas which have lower temperatures of around 26.7 degrees with rain falling between June and September; southern areas where the climate changes into a more equatorial climate with high temperatures, high rainfall and very high humidity with the average annual temperature being around 29.4 degrees C (about 85 degrees F); and the extreme south where the rainy season lasts for almost 9 months.

Dominated by the Nile, Sudan is Africa’s largest country with a generally flat, featureless plain and arid desert in the north, mountains in the northeast, west and far south where there is much wild nature and a more tropical climate in the south.



Sudan’s´ position almost at the centre of the African continent with nine neighboring countries, boundaries defined by European powers at the end of the nineteenth century, has created a zone of interaction between the Hamitic Arabs and the Negro Africans resulting in its many different ethnic groups and unique multifaceted culture.


Between the cities of Omdurman and Khartoum North, the Blue Nile converges calmly with the White Nile. The shape of the junction is said to resemble the trunk of an elephant, which is also the meaning behind the name of the capital city, Khartoum. These two cities dominate the country’s urban center and are the destination for the majority of expatriate assignments into the country. The capital has been described as the’ world’s largest waiting room’ and even though it is very poor, it is fascinating and complex with a well-planned centre made up with elegant colonial buildings and low level one-storied houses along the Nile.


The country’s population is concentrated around the capital Khartoum (66 percent of the population lived within 300 kilometers of the capital) and in Al Awsat. The neighboring city of Omurdan is the largest city whilst Port of Sudan is Sudan’s face to the outside world, joined to other major towns by a railway and a motorway, with an airport second largest after that of Khartoum. Situated on the eastern bank of the Nile lies Karima, a busy commercial and transportation center of the Northern State. In terms of economic and demographic importance are the cities Juba, Malakal and Wau. Wad Medani, located 186 km south of Khartoum, administers the large cotton and wheat plantations through the Gezira Scheme Board.


Being rich in natural resources such as petroleum has sparked Sudan’s´ economy thanks to increases in oil production, high oil prices, and foreign investments. Despite this natural wealth, much of the population will remain at or below the poverty line almost exclusively as a result of the recent decades of armed conflicts which have drained these valuable resources at the expense of health, education and welfare of the country despite the fact it is one of the least densely populated countries in Africa.


Sudan’s´ diverse climatic conditions across the country, with huge water resources, a large reserve of cattle and sheep and vast arable lands makes it suitable for cultivating various crops and fruits such as cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), wheat, gum Arabic, sugarcane, mangos, bananas the whole year round why Agriculture is important as it employs 80% of the work force.


The Sudanese cuisine is extremely simple as the seasoning is generally confined to salt, pepper and lemon juice. Poultry and meat such as chicken, beef, liver and kidney are commonly stewed and served with salads, vegetables or bread. In accordance with religious practice, the meals are eaten from a communal bowl, using the fingers of the right hand.


Since the implementation of the Sharia law the rights for women are limited, imposing a conservative dress code and restrictions on movement. In the northern states Islamic laws apply to all residents regardless of their religion. Expatriates need to be sure to adhere to what is required locally when moving around in public.

Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.


Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.


Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.


auto-europe-driving-informationCity by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.


International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.


Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.


Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.


Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.


bigstock-Real-Estate-Home-Inspection-Re-20778977Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.


Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.


Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.


Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.


Local Registration
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.


Closeup of a call center employee with headset at workplaceOngoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.


Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.


Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.

Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.


Passport immigration stamp

• HTLC Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration

• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country

• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures

• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign

• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised

• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination

• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application

• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city

• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service


For more info about our immigration services in Sudan please contact our marketing department at:

sudancKhartoum is the capital and second largest city of the Republic of Sudan and of Khartoum State. It is located at the confluence of the White Nile, flowing north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, flowing west from Ethiopia. The location where the two Niles meet is known as the “al-Mogran”, meaning the Confluence. The main Nile continues to flow north towards Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea.

Divided by the Niles, Khartoum is a tripartite metropolis with an estimated overall population of over five million people, consisting of Khartoum proper, and linked by bridges to Khartoum North called and Omdurman to the west. In the 21st century, Khartoum has developed based on Sudan’s oil wealth. Khartoum has the highest concentration of economic activity in the country.

This has changed as major economic developments take place in other parts of the country, like oil exploration in the South, the Giad Industrial Complex in Al Jazirah state and White Nile Sugar Project in Central Sudan, and the Merowe Dam in the North.

SUDAN FAQ - Housing
What can I expect to find in an unfurnished, a semi-furnished or a furnished property?

An unfurnished property would contain no furniture (usually not even bathroom or kitchen furniture).

A semi – furnished property will contain some basic items of furniture but not usually any electro-domestics or other fittings.

A fully furnished property would be furnished with all accessories as well as furniture.

What sort of flexibility will I have to negotiate rent or furnishings?

It is always worth trying to negotiate furnishings with the landlord as well as rental fee, although usually there is little flexibility as to price.

How can i secure a property i choose?

It is not common practice to pay a holding deposit or to sign a pre-lease agreement.

How many properties will I be shown?

This depends on the Relocation Package you have; Our Basic Package includes 8 properties and our Standard Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.

What costs are involved in renting a property?

Real Estate Fee is 1 months rent (to be paid by tenant and landlord).
A security deposit of 1 month is to be paid as well as the first rental payment, which is usually also 1 month.

What other expenses should I expect to pay?

On top of monthly rental fee will be a condominium fee ( to cover maintenance and lighting of any common area ) as well as a fee for generator.

What is the process flow to rent a property?

As is not common practice to pay a holding deposit or to make a pre-lease agreement , when a property has been selected, a lease is negotiated, signed and payment made.

What chance do I have of receiving my full deposit back when I leave the property?

As long as the property is left in the same condition as when rented , minus usual wear and tear, the deposit will be refunded (provided the contract is not terminated prior to term).

What responsibility do I have as a tenant towards maintenance of the property?

Tenants are responsible for minor maintenance of the property – this will be stated in the property lease contract.

Can I make any alterations to the property?

Only with the owners written permission.

What if I need to terminate the lease early?

It is possible to negotiate a break clause into a contract (standard contracts are of one year, renewable) The security deposit is forfeited if lease is terminated early.

SUDAN FAQ - Utilities
What utility expenses will I have to pay?

Utilities payable in a rental property are : electricity, water, bottled gas and telephone where there is a landline.

How are these accounts charged?

The accounts remain in the name of the landlord and are charged as follows : Electricity : there is a PREPAID service – this can be purchased directly or through an agent, anywhere throughout the city Water : bills are consigned by an agent directly to the property , they can either be paid immediately or after a 2-3 day period Gas : only small cylinders can be purchased, from the agents of any petrol company Telephone : bills are consigned monthly directly to the property (some companies offer either pre-paid service or monthly billing).

What documents do I need to install a Telephone Line?

Although lines usually remain in the name of the landlord, it is possible to install one also in the name of the tenant: required documentation is a valid Work Permit and residency, a signed rental contract.

How long do i have to wait for my telephone line?

Usually just a few days ,depending on the provider.

How will i be billed?

You can chose to pay monthly or on a pre-paid contract .

SUDAN FAQ - Driving
Is my licence valid in Sudan ?

You can chose to pay monthly or on a pre-paid contract.

For how long can I drive my own car in Sudan?

A car with foreign plates can be driven for up to 90 days in Sudan (provided it has comprehensive insurance cover).

Can I buy a car?

A foreigner can purchase a vehicle in Sudan provided he/she is in possession of a Driving license , a Passport and a Residency Permit.

SUDAN FAQ - Work permit
What documentation is required for workers coming to Sudan?

A Work Permit and a residence permit.

Shall I be present for application?

We can apply for you whenever ossible with a POA.

What about my family?

Dependant family members can apply for Residency Permit on the basis of being accompanying family members; they do not have the right to work in the country. If they want to work, they will require a Work Permit in their own right.

SUDAN FAQ - Safety
How can I ensure the security of my family?

Khartoum is heavily policed and there are also private companies offering security services. Foreigners are advised to take properties with security provisions or engage services of a provider.

Are there any precautions a foreigner can take ?

Petty theft – foreigners become victims of petty theft in Khartoum on a semi-regular basis. Common sense precautions should prevent most trouble. Avoid very crowded areas. Women – Women travelling alone will generally find that they are no less safe in Khartoum than in other areas of the world. However, women are advised to err on the side of caution in regards to wearing revealing clothing and enjoying the nightlife on their own.

SUDAN FAQ - Health
Do I have to be vaccinated before arriving to Sudan?

All travellers entering the country from an endemic area are required to present a certificate of immunization against yellow fever.

Are there any particular health risks in Sudan?

Drinking water – foreigners are advised to drink only bottled water and to drink lots of it to avoid problems with heat exhaustion and dehydration.

Sandstorms – These are unfortunately common in this desert area and can be painful if caught in them so foreigners should be aware of weather conditions before travelling outside.

Malaria disease- foreigners protect them selves by avoiding mosquitoes bites and taking protection tablets.

“If you think you are too small to make a difference, try sleeping in a closed room with a mosquito” – African Proverb

SUDAN FAQ - About HTLC Network
Why should I choose HTLC Network?

– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with HTLC Network’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– HTLC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline.

SUDAN FAQ - For corporate
How does HTLC Network assist with Immigration?

HTLC Network will prepare all the necessary paperwork, email it to the Company and direct as to how the various documents are to be printed out and signed. We will send one of our Local Counsellors with Power of Attorney to act on behalf of the individual and company.

When the Transferee has to be present to apply for a document, he will be accompanied by our Local Counsellor.

What time scale should be allowed to process Work Permit applications?

When all paper work has been prepared, approved and signed by the relevant companies, it can take 6-8 weeks during which time Italian law states that the expatriate must not be in Italy.

How can we determine a realistic Housing Budget for Transferees?

During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.

Can the contract be signed in the name of a foreign company?

During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.

HTLC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of the Company’ s document demonstrating position within the Company.

The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of HTLC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.

Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.

Is it necessary for the Transferee to be present to apply for documents?

For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible HTLC Network will prepare power of attorney in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.

To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.

How can we guarantee all Transferees will receive the same standard of service? (staff relocating to main cities versus more rural areas)

All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.

All Local Counsellors are trained by HTLC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.

All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.

How does HTLC Network handle Group Moves?

All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.

In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.

What ongoing support is provided for Transferees and families?

HTLC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.

We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.

Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.


Area: 2,505,808 sq km
Time Zone: EET (GMT+3)
Capital city: Khartoum
Bordering countries: Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Uganda
Climate: Tropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season varies by region. Sandstorms – the haboob, can occur from May through July and periodic persistent droughts.


Stateform: Military government
Legislative Branch: Bicameral National Legislature
National Holiday: Independence Day, 1 January
Currency: Sudanese Pounds (SDG)


Population: Approximately 40,218,455 (July 2008 est)
Religion: Sunni Muslim (in north), Christian (mostly in south and Khartoum) and indigenous beliefs.
Languages: Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
Ethnic groups: Black 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%