Owing to its strategic location at the intersection of two continents, Turkey is a unique blend of East and West.
The modern Turkish state, was founded on a national consciousness that developed only in the late 19th century, but the history of the region can be traced back centuries. Asia Minor was in fact the cradle of major civilizations like the Hittites, Urartians, Phyrgians and Lydians, and was, for over 1000 years, the heartland of the Byzantine Empire, with Constantinople as its capital.
In 1453, the Roman Empire came to an end when the Ottoman forces captured Constantinople. At its peak, in the mid-16th century, the Ottoman Empire stretched from southeast Europe, North Africa, and most of the Middle East. The territorial ambitions of the Ottomans regarding control of the Mediterranean and Central Europe brought the empire into conflict with the major European powers of the day. Wedged between the Russian and Austrian empires, the Ottoman Empire began to collapse under its own weight, becoming a battleground for rival European powers. By the outbreak of World War I the Ottoman Empire had essentially been divided into spheres of influence by the great European powers. Its disintegration and the forces of nationalism unleashed as a consequence caused schisms and conflicts that linger to this day throughout southern Europe and the Middle East. Turkish history can thereafter be characterized as a struggle between the forces of absolutism and reform.
After World War I, the defeated and discredited Ottoman dynasty was overthrown by a revolutionary movement led by Mustafa Kemal later known as “Atatürk” or “Father of the Turks”. Under the leadership of Atatürk, the Republic of Turkey was born, with secularism, nationalism, modernization, and a European orientation as its guiding principles. Since then, Turkey has increasingly integrated with the West, while continuing to foster relations with the Eastern world. It is a founding member of the UN, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the OECD and the OSCE, a member state of the Council of Europe since 1949, of NATO since 1952, and an associate member of the EEC (later EU) since 1963.
A new constitution, designed to defend Atatürk’s principles and increase the powers of the central government, was approved by a national referendum in 1982. The Constitution, has been amended several times in a series of constitutional reforms intended to bring Turkey’s legal framework closer to EU criteria. In 1999, the EU invited Turkey to become a candidate for membership. Negotiations have commenced, however, several are the obstacles on Turkey’s way to EU Accession: the structure of the Turkish economy; a historically poor human rights record, especially with regard to the treatment of the country’s Kurdish minority; and the status of the ‘Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus’.
If successful, Turkey will be the first country with a largely Islamic population to have gained entry to the European Union.
No other nation that embraces two continents, blends such geographical diversity, archaeological wonders, and contrasting natural beauty as Turkey.
Turkey can be divided into several geographical regions: the Pontus and Taurus mountain ranges, the central Anatolian Plateau, the eastern highlands, the Arabian Platform, and the Black Sea, Aegean, Marmara and Mediterranean regions. The coastlines account for 75% of Turkey’s border. Turkey’s varied landscapes are the product of complex earth movements that have shaped the region over thousands of years and still manifest themselves in fairly frequent earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions.
Turkey borders the Middle East, the newly independent states of the Caucasus and central Asia, Eastern Europe, and the Mediterranean, and for this, its international influence is substantial. The collapse of the iron curtain has given the country also a key political and economic role in Central Asia, where Turkey has historic cultural and linguistic links with several countries. Turkey has also sought closer political and economic links with the ‘Stans’ – the five Central Asian ex-republics of the former USSR, mainly populated by people from Turkic ethnic groups.
Turkey is a large, middle-income country with relatively few mineral resources. Its economy is currently in transition from a high degree of reliance on agriculture and heavy industrial economy to a more diverse and modern economy with an increasingly important globalises services sector. The most important industry and largest exporter is still textiles and clothing, but other key sectors are construction, automotive industry, and electronics. Turkey’s long-term potential is encouraging, its dynamic private sector and the customs union with the EU are powerful forces for growth. A series of large privatizations; the stability fostered by the start of Turkey’s EU accession negotiations; strong and stable growth; and structural changes in the banking, retail, energy and telecommunications sectors have all contributed to a rise in foreign investment. Turkey’s economy is also benefiting from the strong growth in its key tourism industry, which accounts for almost one-fifth of economic activity.
As a popular tourist destination, Turkey has much to offer: cool and green Black Sea shores; hot, southern coasts lined with Rocky Mountains reaching down to beaches varying from pebbles to smooth, white sand; the flat Anatolian Plateau; and the desert-like East. Amidst these natural settings are nestled countless cultural sights. From ancient Greek and Roman ruins to the Byzantine and Ottoman architecture. The biblical Mount Ararat, a pilgrimage site for the seekers of Noah’s Ark, the legendary city of Troy, the vitality and bustle of Istanbul, and the lunar-like stone formations and underground cities and churches of Cappadocia.
Living in Turkey is not just being tempted by the infinite sites to explore or the seas to sail; it is also to indulge in the cuisine and shop, bargaining for kilim carpets and copperware. Ankara and Istanbul are buzzing, cosmopolitan metropolises with modern lifestyle (and chaotic traffic). They have several reliable Internet Service Providers; cinemas, theatres, art galleries; hospitals with the most modern facilities and equipment, and much more…
Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.
Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.
Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.
City by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.
International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.
Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.
Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.
Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.
Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.
Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.
Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.
Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.
Ongoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.
Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.
Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.
Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.
• HTLC Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration
• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country
• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures
• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign
• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised
• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination
• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application
• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city
• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service
For more info about our immigration services in Turkey please contact our marketing department at: email@example.com
Istanbul is Turkey’s most populous city, and its cultural and financial centre. It is located on the Bosphorus Strait, and encompasses the natural harbour known as the Golden Horn, in the northwest of the country.
Istanbul historically also known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country’s economic, cultural, and historic center. Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosphorus strait between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. Its commercial and historical center lies on the European side and about a third of its population lives on the Asian side.
The city is the administrative center of the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (coterminous with Istanbul Province), both hosting a population of around 14 million residents. Istanbul is one of the world’s most populous cities and ranks as world’s 6th-largest city proper and the largest European city.
An unfurnished property will include kitchen stove and furnishings, bathroom fixtures and furnishings.
Furnished properties are quite common, and can include anything from the basics such as kitchen furniture, table, chairs, beds, and bathroom furniture to everything you could possibly require in a property. Soft furnishings are frequently included. A fully furnished property of suitable expatriate level frequently includes dishwasher, washing machine and tumble dryer, smaller/supplementary furniture, decorations, garden equipment, cable TV, ADSL or ISDN phone lines, alarm systems.
Your Relocation Coordinator will confirm whether or not the property has these facilities.
It is always worth trying to offer a slightly lower figure than the asking price or request to have other furniture installed or work done on the property. Generally, if the requests of a prospective tenant are high and costly, the landlord will agree to do the works requested with an increase in the rent. It is not likely that a landlord will agree to undertake work on the property, install extra furniture and lower the price.
This depends on the Relocation Package you have selected: HTLC Network Basic Package includes 8 properties and the Standard Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.
There is no pre-contract required, although at times a real estate agent will accept a holding deposit ( approx 5% ).
A contract is agreed upon and signed by both parties , relevant payments are to be made. A contract does not have to be drawn up by a lawyer.
Real Estate Agency fees are 12% annual rent ( paid by tenant ) – Security deposit: usually 1month rental value – Rent is usually paid monthly.
The expenses of usage or the utility fees (such as: gas, electricity, water, sewage, telephone) are almost always to be paid in addition to the rental fee. Exceptions may occur in those residences in apartment buildings (apartment), where the utility fees, such as garbage disposal, cleaning, security, swimming pool and garage usage, heating are part of the condominium fee.
Most apartment buildings will also have a superintendent referred to as “Super”. He takes care of maintenance, garbage disposal and, twice a day, will inquire if you need minor errands, such as milk, bread, etc.
Condominium Fee includes cleaning of the stairs, lighting of the common parts and elevator.
Once a property is selected, Emc Network will negotiate on your behalf. When an agreement has been reached, a legally valid contract is prepared. An appointment is arranged for the tenant (or company representative) and landlord to sign the contract. The contract is read through and the HTLC Network’s Local Counsellor will translate as necessary.
All the copies of the contract should then be signed. As soon as you enter the apartment, we will arrange a thorough inventory/property inspection together with the landlord and your Local Counsellor.
Once a property is selected, Emc Network will negotiate on your behalf.
In Turkey the tenant is responsible for general maintenance , it must be clearly specified in the contract the level of responsibility that falls upon the tenant/landlord.
Only with the landlords written permission. Small changes (e.g. hanging of towel rails in the bathroom) may be made but the property is to be handed back in exactly the same state it was consigned. Therefore, any holes made in the walls must be filled and painted over before leaving the property, unless a different agreement is made with the landlord.
In case alterations have been made to improve the property without the written permission of the landlord, the landlord has the right not to reimburse any expenses the tenant has had in relation to the work. In cases where the landlord does not approve the changes made, he/she has the right to require the tenant to put the property back into its original condition.
HTLC Network will ensure a diplomatic break clause is inserted into the contract for the protection of the tenant. In the contract it is often possible to include a notice period even as short as 1 month.
The Deposit shall be returned to the Lessee upon return of the premises and cost settlement, usually within 15 days from the date the Agreement is terminated or it will be used as the payment for the last months of lease with the mutual agreement of both parties.
Utilities to be paid for are gas, electricity, water and telephone.
Bills are send directly to the given mailing address into name of the tenant .Electricity and Gas bills are sent monthly.Water bills are sent bimonthly.
Telephone contracts are kept in the name of the Landlord nearly all cases.
Yes. Most city areas, especially in the bigger cities of Turkey, are linked to cable or satellite TV. There are many service providers to choose from.
Telephone lines are already available in most properties. In cases where there is no line, an installation fee and a security deposit must be paid.
A valid personal ID (passport) is necessary in order to obtain a phone line.
Your Relocation Coordinator will arrange this for you.
Normally it will be installed within 3 – 7 days after the signed application is submitted. The individual or a representative over 18 must be at the property address for connection at the pre-arranged time. Please note that many technicians do not speak English.
There are a number of possibilities: you can have the connection through the normal phone line, with the ISDN, ADSL line or through a cable TV connection (broadband).
Bills will arrive monthly.
A foreigner can drive with their own license in Turkey but it must be accompanied by a legalised translation into Turkish.
There is no limit but there are specific requirements to be met, an Alien Vehicles Temporary Entrance Carnet (Y.T.G.G.K.) must be obtained from the Turkey Touring and Automobile Association.
A Work Permit, a Work Visa and a Residence Permit.
HTLC Network can apply for the Work Permit on behalf of the employer with a POA. However application has to be done also by the transferee in person at a Turkish Embassy abroad.
We accompany the transferee to the Police and assist with the registration for the Residence Permit.
Dependant family members can apply for Entry Visa and Residency Permit on the basis of being accompanying family members; they do not have the right to work in the country. If they want to work, they’ll require a Work Permit in their own right.
– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with HTLC Network’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– HTLC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline.
HTLC Network will prepare all the necessary paperwork, email it to the Company and direct as to how the various documents are to be printed out and signed. We will send one of our Local Counsellors with Power of Attorney to act on behalf of the individual and company.
When the Transferee has to be present to apply for a document, he will be accompanied by our Local Counsellor.
When all paper work has been prepared, approved and signed by the relevant companies, it can take 6-8 weeks during which time Italian law states that the expatriate must not be in Italy.
During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.
Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered locally.
HTLC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of the Company’ s document demonstrating position within the Company.
The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of HTLC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.
Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.
For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible HTLC Network will prepare power of attorney in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.
To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.
All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.
All Local Counsellors are trained by HTLC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.
All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.
All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.
In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.
HTLC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.
We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.
Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.
Area: 780,580 sq km
Time Zone: GMT+2
Capital city: Ankara
Bordering countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq and Syria
Climate: temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
Stateform: Republican parliamentary democracy
Legislative Branch: unicameral Grand National Assembly
National Holiday: 29 October
Currency: Turkish lira (YTL)
Population: Approximately 58 mil.inhabitants
Ethnic groups: Turkish majority with a large Kurdish community