One of Africa’s most fertile nations, Egypt is located along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Because of its lush soil, Egypt was inhabited very early, likely about 40,000 years ago.
Earliest best-known facts about Egypt date to 3000 BC. In prehistoric time, cities and kingdoms were built and developed along the Nile.
Despite its initial scarcity in population, Egypt soon became crowded and there grew a need for a unified government. Egypt was first united under one ruler, the Pharaoh, about 5000 years ago.
In classical times the country was conquered by the Greeks and the Romans but by the 7th century, most Egyptians had become Arabic-speaking and Muslim due to the Arab conquest. Later, in 1517, Egypt became part of the Ottoman Empire although it was also governed by local rulers in ensuing centuries.
In 1798, Napoleon’s armies conquered Egypt but their reign was short-lived (three years) given that the Ottoman forces soon seized control of the country with the assistance of Britain. Muhammad Ali, an Ottoman officer, began to modernise the country’s economy and infrastructure. By the late 20th century the country was heavily in debt and thus relegated to a British protectorate in 1914. In 1922, Egypt became an independent nation; however, British troops did not leave until 1947.
In a coup in 1952, a group of army officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser seized control and Nasser and in 1956 Nasser became the new Republic’s second President. He contributed to Egypt’s becoming an important nation of the Arab world, developing the country’s industry, reallocating Egyptian territory and nationalising the Suez Canal.
In 1973, following several battles against Israel, the nation altered its foreign policies, breathing new life into the economy and moving away from the Soviet Union toward America. In 1979, Egypt signed a peace treaty with Israel.
The Arab Republic of Egypt is a democratic socialist state in northeast Africa.
An extension of the great Sahara Desert, the Arab Republic of Egypt has very little rainfall; consequently, the population is concentrated along the Nile or near the Suez Canal, Egypt’s crucial waterway.
Cairo, the capital of Egypt, is the largest city in both the Arab world and Africa.
Every year, the wonders of Egypt’s glorious past attract more than a million travellers from all over the world. Among the most visited locations are the Pyramids and Great Sphinx in Jizah as well as the ancient tombs in the Valley of the Kings near the town of Luxor.
Egypt has a legacy that encompasses Greeks, Romans and early Christians so its tourist attractions go well beyond the fascination of the Pharaoas. The art and architecture inherited over the centuries by a succession of Islamic dynasties has also left interesting traces of a fascinating cultural legacy. Holiday resorts such as Sharm el-Sheikh and Hurghada are very popular too.
About one-third of the country’s labor is engaged directly in agricultural production/farming thanks to the fertile soil in the Nile Valley and Delta. The processing and trading of crops is also an important industry, with the cotton trade high on the list.
There are good prospects for future development of the country’s export sectors, especially in terms of natural gas.
Arabic is the official language spoken by all Egyptians; however, the colloquial Arabic spoken in the streets is similar to a dialect and differs slightly from classical Arabic. English is also widespread.
Islam is the official religion of Egypt and most believers are Sunni though there is a noteworthy Copt minority throughout the nation.
The climate is dry with very hot summers and moderate winters. When traveling for pleasure, November to March are the best months in terms of temperature.
Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.
Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.
Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.
City by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.
International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.
Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.
Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.
Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.
Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.
Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.
Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.
Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.
Ongoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.
Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.
Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.
Immigration procedures and requirements vary greatly from country to country. Documents requested from applicants depend on the citizenship of the individual applying and the status he wishes to obtain in the destination country, be it authorisation to work, authorisation for accompanying family members, tourist or study visas, temporary or permanent residency status.
• HTLC Network has been selected by many International Law and Immigration Firms as well as Global Relocation Companies to represent them exclusively for immigration
• We work closely with the relevant governmental and police authorities in each country
• Our Immigration Team are experts in immigration laws and keep abreast of changing requirements and procedures
• We prepare all documentation for HR, all you have to do is print out and sign
• We inform the Transferee which specific documents are required , which translations must be obtained and if these must be legalised
• We provide HR and Transferees with information on the process flow, timing and specific legal requirements of each destination
• We update all parties involved regularly as to the status of the application
• Whenever possible, we act with a Power of Attorney on behalf of the company and the Transferee; when the Transferee’s presence is required, he will be accompanied to the relevant office in the destination city
• Our Local Counsellors, residents and locals of the destination city, are able to present the all prepared documentation to the relevant offices in person; thus speeding up the process and ensuring an efficient service
For more info about our immigration services in Egypt please contact our marketing department at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cairo, is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Middle-East and Africa. Its metropolitan area is the 16th largest in the world. Located near the Nile Delta, it was founded in CE 969. Nicknamed “the city of a thousand minarets” for its preponderance of Islamic architecture, Cairo has long been a center of the region’s political and cultural life.
Cairo was founded by the Fatimid dynasty in the 10th century CE, but the land composing the present-day city was the site of national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo.
Cairo has the oldest and largest film and music industries in the Arab world, as well as the world’s second-oldest institution of higher learning, al-Azhar University. Many international media, businesses, and organizations have regional headquarters in the city; the Arab League has had its headquarters in Cairo for most of its existence.
Properties usually come either unfurnished, in which case they however have kitchen and bathroom fittings or furnished, in which case they will be fully furnished.
Semi furnished properties would contain just a few basic items of furniture but not usually any electrical appliances or fittings.
It is always worth trying to offer a slightly lower figure than the asking price or request to have other furniture installed or work done on the property. Generally, if the requests of a prospective tenant are high and costly, the landlord will agree to do the works requested with an increase in the rent. It is not likely that a landlord will agree to undertake work on the property, install extra furniture and lower the price.
This depends on the Relocation Package you have; Our Basic Package includes 8 properties and our Standard Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.
By signing a rental contract ( in presence of licensed Real Estate agent or notary ) and paying required fees. It is not common practice to pay a holding deposit for a property to reserve it during contract negotiation stage.
– First rental payment (this is usually every quarter but can be semi .annual or annual – monthly payment option is only available for low cost properties only)
– Security deposit – one or two months is usual
– Real estate agency fee – this is a flat fee and varies from agency to agency
In the case of an apartment there will usually be a fee to cover maintenance, water and lighting of common areas and possibly pool maintenance, porter, gardener and security provision.
Every building has a Porter, there is a fixed fee for this service, according to size of the building.
If a garage does not come with the property then this will have to be arranged on the side (applicable for central town properties).
Once a property is selected, your Relocation Coordinator will communicate any requests you may have to the landlord, via the Real Estate Agency.
Once final contract version is agreed , this is to be signed by both parties and relevant payments made.
Provided the property is left in the state it was in upon entry, full security deposit can be obtained. We ensure that a thorough inventory is taken upon check in to the property, to avoid any dispute over state of property when the time comes for check out.
Standard lease is for one year, sometimes two years and they can be renewable. The average increase in rental fee is 10% annually.
A break clause can be included in the case in which an expatriate is moved away from Cairo earlier than anticipated for work purposes, the tenant usually has to give written notice 30 days in advance and the security deposit is forfeited.
Tenant is responsible for minor maintenance as specified in lease contract.
Only with written permission from the landlord.
Electricity, Gas, Water, Garbage, Telephone.
Utilities are usually kept in the name of the landlord, especially for furnished properties, but in cases where they have to be transferred into name of tenant, you will be assisted by your Local Counsellor.
Utilities are charged monthly according to consumption and payment is made directly the utility company.
ID with regular immigration status.
Signed property lease contract (sometimes with letter from landlord).
Please note: there are two kinds of line available: local line and international line.
According to consumption, bills arrive every month for international lines and every quarter for local lines.
Yes, several companies offer this provision.
Usually one week.
A Work Permit and a Work Visa.
Dependant family members can apply for a residence visa on the basis of being accompanying family members; they do not have the right to work in the country. If they wish to work, they’ll require to apply for a Work Permit in their own right.
We can apply for the Work Permit on behalf of the employer and Transferee with a POA.
We accompany the Transferee and assist with the registration at the authorities when required.
An international driving license is required to drive in Egypt.
A foreign car cannot be driven with foreign license plates in Egypt.
– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with HTLC Network’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– HTLC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline.
HTLC Network will prepare all the necessary paperwork, email it to the Company and direct as to how the various documents are to be printed out and signed. We will send one of our Local Counsellors with Power of Attorney to act on behalf of the individual and company.
When the Transferee has to be present to apply for a document, he will be accompanied by our Local Counsellor.
During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.
For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible HTLC Network will prepare power of attorney in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.
To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.
Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered locally.
HTLC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy a document demonstrating position within the Company.
The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of HTLC Network’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.
Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.
For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible HTLC Network will prepare power of attorneyin order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.
To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.
All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.
All Local Counsellors are trained by HTLC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.
All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.
All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.
In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.
HTLC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.
We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.
Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.
Area: 1,001,450 sq km
Time Zone: GMT + 2
Capital city: Cairo
Bordering countries: Israel, Libya, Sudan and the Gaza Strip. Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
Legislative Branch: Bicameral System
National Holiday: 23 July (Revolution Day)
Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP)
Population: Approximately 80.3 million
Religion:Sunni Muslim majority, Coptic and other Christian
Languages: Arabic (official
Ethnic groups: Egyptian majority, Berber, Nubian, Bedouin, Beja, Greek, Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French)