HTLC Network | Italy
HTLC Network is a valuable support that can help you to transform the challenges of an international relocation into a successful and satisfying life experience. We provide global corporate and private relocation and immigration services and we are present in many different parts of the world, being able to meet your requests, to ensure the utmost attention to every detail
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colosseoItaly’s history is long and great. The Etruscans were the first major power in the Italian peninsula and Italy was first united politically under the Romans in 90 B.C.E. After the collapse of the Roman Empire in the fifth century C.E. , Italy became merely a “geographic expression” for many centuries. Chaos followed the fall of the Roman Empire. Charlemagne restored order and centralized government to northern and central Italy in the eight and ninth centuries. Charlemagne brought Frankish culture to Italy, and under the Franks, the Church of Rome gained much political influence. The popes were given a great deal of autonomy and were left with control over the legal and administrative system of Rome, including defense.


The Romans used the name Italia to refer to the Italian peninsula. Additionally, Italy has been invaded and settled by many different peoples. Etruscans in Tuscany preceded the Romans and Umbria, while Greeks settled the south. Jews entered the country during the period of the Roman republic, and Germanic tribes came after the fall of Rome. Mediterranean peoples (Greeks, North Africans, and Phoenicians) entered the south. The Byzantine Empire ruled the southern part of the peninsula for five hundred years, into the ninth century. Sicily had many invaders, including Saracens, Normans, and Aragonese. In 1720, Austrians ruled Sicily and at about the same time controlled northern Italy. There is a continuing ethnic mixing.


It was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that Italy as we know it today came to be. Until that time, various city-states occupied the peninsula, each operating as a separate kingdom or republic. Forces for Italian unification began to come together with the rise of Victor Emmanuel to the throne of Sardinia in 1859. That year, after the French helped defeat the Austrians, who had come to rule regions through the Habsburg Empire, Victor Emmanuel’s prime minister, Count de Cavour of Sardinia, persuaded the rest of Italy except the Papal States to join a united Italy under the leadership of Victor Emmanuel in 1859. In 1870 Cavour managed to be on the right side when Prussia defeated France and Napoleon III, the Pope’s protector, in the Franco-Prussian War. On 17 March 1861, Victor Emmanuel of Sardinia was crowned as king of Italy. Rome became the capital of the new nation.


The geography of the country is varied, making it a fascinating place to explore; from the spectacular Dolomite mountains in the north at the Austrian border, to the beautiful white beaches of Calabria in the southwest and the rocky Amalfi coastline south of the port of Naples.


The rolling hills of Tuscany around Florence are a renowned spot for the artist community and very popular with foreigners seeking to ‘get away from it all’ as is the ‘Cinque Terra’ close to Genoa, an area of coastline totally inaccessible to vehicles where one must either take the train or go by foot.


Italy is also the home of two independent states – San Marino and the Vatican State, which is situated in the capital Rome, incidentally the smallest state in the world, housing the papal seat of the Roman Catholic Church.


Italy’s hilly terrain has led to the creation of numerous independent states. Moreover, agriculture in most of the country has been of a subsistence type and has led to deforestation. Since World War II, many Italians have turned away from rural occupations to engage in the industrial economy.

Cartina_italiaStretching some 300 000 square metres towards the Mediterranean Sea, Italy is divided into the commercially focused North and the agriculturally oriented South.

Italy’s main industrial and commercial sectors are textile production, tourism and food. The manufacturing system in Italy is characterised by a number of small and medium-sized companies usually operating on a regional level. Despite their limited involvement on the international market, Italian companies have proven flexible and easily adaptable to market changes.

As a central member of the European Union, Italy promotes free international trade between itself and other Union members. It is also a member of the European Monetary System, introducing the single European currency (Euro) in the beginning of 2002.

During the last few years, insurance and communication have caught the interest of foreign investors, predicting Italy to be one of the countries in Europe with the highest growth in these sectors.


As the more popular destinations for international assignments, the larger cities of Italy offer significantly more facilities than those in more rural areas. Despite the large tourist influx to the country, English is not as readily spoken as in other European cities, making settling in somewhat more complicated.

Complex bureaucratic procedures and time delays can prove frustrating to expats initially, but have to be accepted as part of the ‘charm’ of the country. Rome and Milan have a fairly large English speaking population and as a result offer a choice of International Schools, expat groups and other community activities. More rural towns have very few facilities for foreigners so one has to be prepared to travel to enjoy such.

The country offers a wealth of art, history, fashion houses, culture and cuisine – enough to keep one occupied for many years and guaranteeing one will return from an international assignment enriched and more knowledgeable.

Prepare and Plan Visit
In this initial contact the Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee, introducing destination services commissioned, and provide access codes to HTLC Network on-line City-Specific Resource Guides. In addition, the Relocation Coordinator will help the Transferee assess personal and family’s housing needs, as well as their hopes and plans for the sojourn in your new destination. The Transferee will be asked to fill out a Personal Needs Analysis Form, which will enable customized service delivery. After gaining a sense of the Transferee’s needs, the Relocation Coordinator will arrange appointments with schools and real estate agents, an appointment will be set up with one of the Local Counsellors for a city briefing and a programme will be finalised for accompanied property and school viewings.


Airport Pickup and Greeting The Transferee and family will be met at the airport by a Local Counsellor and accompanied to designated hotel.


Destination Country and City Information
The Transferee will be given a briefing on the local city and life in your new destination in general, and will be encouraged to ask any questions. An Information Pack on the destination city will be provided. This Pack includes an information sheet with the HTLC Network office and Local Counsellor contact information and emergency telephone numbers. Further, it includes a city and transport map as well as a hard copy of HTLC Network own City-Specific Resource Guide, which contains a wealth of information such as telephone access codes, English-speaking doctors and expatriate clubs. When available, a copy of the English Yellow Pages, local English language periodicals and other relevant information will also be included in the Information Pack.


auto-europe-driving-informationCity by Zone Tour
The purpose of this tour is to familiarise the Transferee with selected areas of the city and type of housing and amenities available, in order to be better prepared to select the neighbourhood most suitable for personal and family needs. The City By Zone Tour is often delivered in conjunction with a house hunting programme.


International Schooling The Transferee will be briefed on educational opportunities in the area. The Relocation Coordinator will schedule appointments at the selected schools, and the Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged appointments although the appointments will be privately held between the Transferee and school administrators. Where possible, the Relocation Coordinator will organise enrolment procedure and arrange for company invoicing.


Full-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to eight properties.


Two-Day Househunting Programme Following an in-depth briefing by the Relocation Coordinator a programme of property viewings will be arranged. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to pre-arranged viewings of up to fifteen properties.


Lease Negotiation After the Transferee has selected a property, the Relocation Coordinator will negotiate lease conditions with the real estate agency or landlord according to The national destination law. HTLC Network coordinator will prepare a contract that ensures legal protection for the client. Particular attention is given to include a break clause, as international assignments often change in duration and the aim is to give maximum flexibility within the limits of the national destination law.


bigstock-Real-Estate-Home-Inspection-Re-20778977Property Inspection and Inventory Once the lease has been signed, a thorough property inspection is taken in the presence of the Transferee. This includes an inventory of any furnishings, general condition of the property, and meter readings for utility contracts.


Utility Connections, Phone Line and Bank Account The Relocation Coordinator will arrange all utility and telephone connections, and a Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to open a bank account in the selected area.


Settling-In Assistance The Local Counsellor will spend time with the Transferee and family, assisting with requested elements of the relocation process, such as arranging language training, obtaining a satellite decoder or internet service provider, shopping for furniture or securing house contents insurance. Duration of this service depends on various company authorizations.


Car Purchase or Lease The Relocation Coordinator will brief the Transferee on the logistics of making an automobile purchase and will research reputable dealers in the area. The Local Counsellor will accompany the Transferee to dealers and act as a translator. Once the Transferee has made the selection, HTLC Network will take care of necessary documentation including insurance cover. For long-term rental HTLC Network will advise local availability of this service.


Local Registration
If the Transferee requests, and is eligible, the Local Counsellor will assist with National Health Registration. City hall registration is a separate service and if authorizied, HTLC Network will assist with the whole bureaucratic procedure at the relative cityhall.


Closeup of a call center employee with headset at workplaceOngoing Phone Support The HTLC Network support Helpline is available to all Transferees for 90 days from date of property contract signing. Extensions to this Helpline can be added in periods of three months.


Car Importation Importation of car to your new destination, including full document assistance and re-registration with Vehicle registry.


Full Assignment Tracking Full tracking of all deadlines throughout duration of the Transferees international assignment, notification given of all scheduled renewal dates, such as housing contracts, Permit of Stay and Work Permits. Ad Hoc Services Service rendered both from back and front office is available on an hourly and daily basis.

Italy has specific Immigration Laws that apply to European Citizens and different requirements for citizens of non-EU countries. See our Italy Immigration Facts for further information.

Immigration services are available for Individuals and Families*. The family service includes preparing full documentation for all members of the family and obtaining Permit of Stay for every family member over fourteen years of age. Family service applies when all members of the family go together to register; for separate visits Individual service applies. Children under fourteen are registered on their parents’ Permits of Stay.

Citizens of the European Union (EEA and Switzerland)
– Prepare and procure full documentation
– Accompanied visit to register with local Municipality to obtain ‘Certificate of Registration’

Citizens of Non- European Union Countries
– Prepare and procure full documentation to apply for Work Permit
– Present application to relevant Immigration Office
– Information regarding obtaining Visa from the designated Italian Consulate abroad
– Upon arrival in Italy, accompanied visits to local Immigration Offices to apply for Permit of Stay

Accompanying Family Members
– Prepare and procure full documentation to apply for Family Visa Clearance (nulla osta)
– Present application to relevant Immigration Office
– Information regarding obtaining Visa from the designated Italian Consulate abroad
– Upon arrival in Italy, accompanied visits to local Immigration Offices to apply for Permit of Stay

Permanent Residency (enrolment in the Registry of local Municipality)
– Preparation and procurement of full documentation
– Accompanied visit to register

* Assistance for up to two children, after which half day supplement applies.


For more info about our immigration services in Italy please contact our marketing department at:

Driving in Italy guidelines – log in:



Documents required to drive in Italy

* Driving licences issued by any of the EU member states are valid throughout the European Union, including Italy.

* Drivers in possession of a licence issued by any EU country do not require an international driving permit or a sworn translation of their own licence.

General rules for driving

Driving licences issued by any of the EU Member States are valid throughout the European Union, including Italy.


Drivers with a licence issued by any EU country do not require an international driving permit or a legal translation of their own licence.


To drive in Italy, you must be over 18. Keep right and overtake on the left. Dipped headlights must be used on two-lane motorways. When driving through towns and villages, the horn may be sounded only in the event of an emergency. Trams and trains have right of way.


The use of seatbelts in both the front and rear seats is compulsory, and failure to keep them fastened may result in fines for both drivers and passengers. On three-lane motorways, the lane on the right is reserved for slow vehicles and vehicles that are not overtaking. At crossings, vehicles approaching from the right always have right of way. Seatbelts must be fastened both in the front and the rear (provided the vehicle is fitted with them). Fines may be issued on-the-spot to drivers and passengers stopped by the police and found travelling without their seatbelt fastened.


Mopeds below 150cc may not be driven on motorways under any circumstances. Helmets are compulsory to drive all motorcycles and mopeds, whatever the engine size.

traffico-autostradaWhat are the speed limits?
Cars and motorbikes (vehicles with engine size over 150 cc):
urban areas 50 km/h (31 mph);
minor out-of-town roads 90 km/h (56 mph);
major out-of-town roads 110 km/h (68 mph);
motorways 130 km/h (81 mph).

In the event of rain on snow, the limit is lowered to 110 k/h on motorways and 90 k/h on trunk roads.


In order to ensure that these limits are complied with, numerous speed cameras have been installed throughout the road and motorway network to keep electronic checks on speed.


Cars with trailers or caravans: in urban areas, the speed limit is 50 km/h (31 mph); on minor out-of-town roads 70 km/h (44 mph); on major out-of-town roads 70 km/h (44 mph); on motorways 80 km/h (50 mph).

Camper vans weighing over 3.5 tonnes and under 12 tonnes: in urban areas, the speed limit is 50 km/h (31 mph); on minor out-of-town roads 80 km/h (50 mph); on major out-of-town roads 80 km/h (50 mph); on motorways 100 km/h (62 mph).

Compulsory equipment on board : triangle; spare tyre; extinguisher (recommended) and reflective safety jacket, which must be used outside towns and villages in the event of a stop during the night or in poor visibility conditions, or when stopping on emergency lanes or lay-bys.

Insurance : Civil Liability insurance is compulsory. For visitors arriving from abroad, the best option is the Green Card, an insurance policy that can even be taken out at the border and is valid for 15, 30 or 45 days.


Drinking and driving : in Italy, driving is not permitted with a blood alcohol content superior to 0.5 grammes per litre, in line with the European average.

Useful numbers and emergency numbers :
Police 113
Fire Brigade 115
Ambulance 118.

Useful links:
Highway code:

Avezzano is located in the region of Abruzzo, situated between the National Park of Abruzzo and the local Park of Sirente-Velino. The whole area around Avezzano is referred to as the Marsica. Avezzano is the ‘capital’ of this area. Many years ago, Marsica lay beneath the waters of the Fucino LakeThe city is within easy reach of many natural beauty spots and close to a number of winter ski resorts…Log in


Land its ports face the Adriatic, on the edges of the plateau of the Terra di Bari. It divides into two main parts; the old city, a network of medieval streets and monuments, and the quarters which developed after 1820, characterized by straight streets and perfectly square islands.Bari is home to many factories and there are now many other industries that keep the city financially healthy…Log in


Italy has many beautiful cities and Bologna is no exception. Its historic centre, with its unmistakable “brick red” tones is without a doubt one of the best-maintained and cared for city centres in Europe.Its characteristic porticoes, first built during the Middle Ages to expand housing inside the city walls, today cover more than 26 miles. The world’s longest portico can be found in Bologna…Log in


An ancient city with a long history, Cagliari has seen the rule of several civilizations. Under the buildings of the modern city there is a continuous stratification of human settlements of about five thousands years, from the Neolithic to today. There are some domus de janas, very damaged by cave activity, a large Carthaginian era necropolis, a Roman era amphitheater, a Byzantine basilica…Log in


Named “the black andwhite city” because of the vulcano ashes that rain down upon it, Catania lies beneath the world famous Mount Etna, Europe’s most active volcano.The second largest city on Sicily, Catania offers elegant architecture, popular beaches and a beautiful couuntryside. The city and its surroundings also has a large extent of foreign industry accompanied by a thriving expat community…Log in


Florence, located in the rolling Tuscan hills, is one of Italy’s most famous cities and perhaps the city most revered by foreigners coming to Italy. Seeming like a captured piece of history, this 15th century town manages to combine the beauty of Renaissance art and architecture with the comforts and technology of the 21st century. The city is a maze of squares, boulevards, small cobbled streets and market places…Log in


As the capital of the Liguria region, Genoa is considered the main trading port of Italy. The city is located along the foot of the Appennines moutain range, extending across some 35 km within the crescent-shaped Italian Riviera. A commercial port and seaside resort with magnificent 16th century palaces, Genoa is a town proud of its history being the birth place of Christopher Columbus…Log in


Latina is the main city in the Province of Latina, a region of Lazio. It is located only 4 kilometres from the Tirreno Sea and is a popular seaside resort for both Italians and expats.Originally an agricultural city, Latina and its surrounding areas today have become a busy industrial region and is home to several multinational companies. It is located approximately one and a half hours from Rome…Log in


Milan is the most “European” city in Italy, it is an important international trade and industrial center and definitely the largest area in Italy where finance, fashion, publishing and industrial activities are concentrated.In terms of attracting foreign investment, Milan is sixth in the world and third in Europe. This is where the stock exchange is located (Borsa Italiana SPA), one of the largest in Europe, and where expo centres are located….Log in


Como, Monza and Varese, are part of Milan’s Hinterland northern Italy’s buzzing financial and business city. Named “The Garden City”, Varese is known for its many villas and gardens. Apart from its geographical location, Como is also famous for its silk and wood manufacturing. Monza is knowing for havinga the biggest park in Europe, the Parco di Monza…Log in


Naples is one of Italy’s largest cities with over a million inhabitants and is arguably its most colourful and chaotic. It is is situated in the region of Campania and is the most important industrial city and trading port of this area.The economy of Naples has always been linked to its port. Regional businesses include ironworks, petroleum refineries, cement works, food processing plants, automobile and aircraft assembly plants…Log in


Deriving from the the Greek Pan-O’rmos, meaning “all port”, Palermo is the capital of the Italian island Sicily, and is the fifth largest city in Italy.Famous for the Mafia, Palermo is Sicily’s capital and largest city, located on the northwestern coast. The city functions as Sicily’s chief port and centre of government. Palermo’s old city centre covers an area of more than 240 hectares and is one of the largest of its kind in Europe…Log in


Pescara is the capital of the province of Pescara and the is the commercial and tourist centre of Abruzzo and the Adriatic cost. Located on the adriatic coast at the mouth of the Aterno – Pescara river, the present-day municipality was formed in 1927 joining the municipalities of Pescara, the part of the city to the south of the river, and Castellamare Adriatico, the part of the city to the north of the river…Log in


This triangle of Italy, located just outside the Tuscan hills, is home to many foreigners. There is a growing number of expats who choose to come to live and work in this area. Expats relocating to the area around Pisa-Livorno-Lucca often choose to settle in Tirrenia, a small seaside town located between Pisa and Livorno…Log in


Rome is an amazing open-air museum offering 3000 years of history, art, culture, architecture and cuisine. Its notorious traffic and busy open air markets make it one of the most vibrant cities in the world.Strolling through the city centre is like taking a course in European art history: amazing architectural details on the ornate facades of noble palaces make this a unique city where beauty and splendour abound…Log in


Syracuse, a city with a glorious past that was a worthy rival of Athens, Carthage and Rome for winning over domination of the island, is today one of the most interesting cities in Sicily, the cradle of theatre and a fantastic monument to Baroque style.Siracusa is one of Italy’s hottest cities, with temperatures that can reach 40 degrees Celcius during the summer…Log in


Throughout the world, Turin is famous for two things; FIAT the car company that has revolutionised the car industry in Italy and Juventus and Torino, the rivalling soccer teams in the city. Turin, the former capital of Italy, is located in the region of Piedmont. The city, along the Po River, is surrounded by the foothills of the Alps and will soon be recognized on a global level when it hosts the winter Olympics in 2006…Log in


Situated on 117 islands in the azure waters of the Adriatic, this lagoon city called Venice is a water maze of grand canals, 177 smaller canals, and over 400 bridges. All buildings in Venice are supported by slender oak and pine piles (posts) which are driven deep into the ground to create a solid foundation. As the soil is waterlogged, with no oxygen available, the piles remain strong and do not rot….Log in

ITALY FAQ - Housing
What can I expect to find in an unfurnished, a semi-furnished or a furnished property?

An unfurnished property: will be totally empty; this means no kitchen, no light fittings and at times no bathroom fixtures.
A semi-furnished property: will include a basic kitchen, usually light fittings and at times also bathroom furniture.
A furnished property: can include anything from the basics such as kitchen, table, chairs, beds, bathroom furniture to everything you could possibly require in a property. Soft furnishings are hardly ever included. A furnished property may occasionally also come with a washing machine (located in the bathroom rather than the kitchen). Your Relocation Coordinator will confirm whether or not the property has these facilities.

Tumble dryers are not part of the standard Italian furnishings but at times it is possible to negotiate to have one installed. Air conditioning is not a standard feature in most Italian properties. Many older buildings are not predisposed to have it installed.
Please note that many technicians do not speak English.

What sort of flexibility will I have to negotiate rent or furnishings?

The housing market in Italy is a ‘landlord’s market’. Properties in large cities are in high demand and landlords are generally able to obtain the prices they ask. It is always worth trying to offer a slightly lower figure than the asking price or request to have other furniture installed or work done on the property.

Generally, if the requests of a prospective tenant are high and costly, the landlord will agree to do the works requested with an increase in the rent. It is not likely a landlord will agree to undertake work on the property, install extra furniture and lower the price. Verbal obligations or promises such as modifications or furnishings of the property are not reliable, thus it is important to have everything in written.
Please advise your Relocation Coordinator about your comments/request, and he/she will prepare a written request to the landlord.

HTLC Network will negotiate on your behalf until an arrangement agreeable to both parties is reached. You will be advised if the landlord’s request is too high for the type of property or area.

How many properties will I be shown?

This depends on the Relocation Package you have; HTLC Network Basic Package includes 8 properties and the Standard Package includes 15 properties. You will be told at the outset how many properties you will be shown or how much time you have available to do the house hunting. The properties provided will be as close to your ‘Needs Analysis’ description as possible according to what is available on the market at the time.

Please note that the real estate market in Italy moves extremely rapidly, thus we advise you to decide immediately if you have found a property you like even if you have not seen all properties assigned.

How can I secure a property that I choose?

The only way to ensure a property you choose is not rented to someone else is to make a written proposal (Proposta). This is required if the property is in high demand or if there will be a period of time before the lease can commence.

A Proposta
is a proposal to rent, either a draft contract or a few clauses putting forth your offer and conditions on the property. If a Proposta is required, EMC Network will prepare this for you. The Proposta is to be signed by the one intending to rent and a holding deposit, equalling one month’s rent paid to the landlord (usually in the form of a cheque, if possible).

The landlord has several days (generally a minimum of 7, the number will be specified in the Proposta) in which he can accept or reject the Proposta. During this time he may not show the property to anyone else. If he accepts the Proposta he is bound to rent the property to whomever made the Proposta; if the party who made the Proposta pull out of the deal, the deposit is lost. When the deal goes ahead, the holding deposit is deducted from the sum owed to the landlord.

What costs are involved in renting a property?

All payments must be done prior or together with the signing of the property contract:
A security deposit will have to be paid to the landlord. This is usually 3 month’s rent (refundable upon exit, note below). At times, landlords require a ‘Fidejussione’ or ‘Fido’ instead of a security deposit. This entails a specified sum being ‘frozen’ in a bank account as a guarantee on the property.

The first rental payment will also have to be paid to the landlord. Rent is usually due monthly but landlords can dictate how they wish to be paid. If a holding deposit has been made along with a Proposta, the sum is deducted from the above payments to the landlord.

Real estate agents commission: throughout most of Italy, it is equal to one month’s rent or 10 % of the annual rent. In Milan it is 10-18%
of the annual rent while in Turin it is two month’s rent. All commissions do not include IVA (country tax). The landlord is required by law to register the contract in three copies – one for himself, one for the Public Registration Office and one for the tenant. There is a fee for this registration which is to be split between landlord and tenant. The share of the tenant is 1% annual rent. Government stamps (‘Bolli’) have to be added to a specific number of pages in each of the contracts (usually every third page). These are to be paid for by the tenant. The registration fee and government stamps are either paid at the time of contract signing or are usually added into the second monthly payment.

What other expenses should I expect to pay?

Apartments usually have a monthly Condominium fee, payable together with the rent or payable directly to the building administrator. This fee is to cover the cost of the upkeep of the common area of the apartment building; lighting, cleaning and general maintenance. It may include doorman expenses or gardening expenses if there is a common outside area.

If a villa is located in a private compound, a monthly Consorzio or compound fee is usually charged. This fee is for the upkeep of the
private roads, lighting, gardening of any common garden areas, any guards or gatekeepers. All utility expenses are the responsibility of the tenant, according to consumption. Please also see utility expenses.

Please note:
It is advisable to sign tenancy risk insurance in order to be covered in the event of property damages. Your Relocation Coordinator will
assist you with this.

What is the process flow to rent a property?

In order to rent property, a written proposal (Proposta) must be made. This must be presented, signed by the tenant along with the holding deposit to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. Once signed by both parties, the landlord is bound and the holding deposit is non refundable. A landlord may also require a letter of guarantee from the employer of the tenant or a letter from the company demonstrating income that can support rental payments.

A legally valid contract is negotiated and prepared by HTLC Network. Both parties will agree upon the content. Payments must have been made. At times the landlord can require that the payment reach his bank account before key delivery. Other times, a bank receipt or proof that payment has been made will be sufficient.

An appointment is arranged, usually at the real estate agency, for the tenant and landlord to sign the contract. The contract is read through and HTLC Network’ Local Counsellor will translate as necessary. Every copy of the contract is then to be initialled on every page and signed in full twice on the last page by both parties. It is the landlord’s responsibility to register the contract. If a contract is to be signed by a company, HTLC Network will prepare a final version of the contract and send it to the company for signing.

Once a legal representative of the company has signed the copies of the contract, it will be collected by a Local Counsellor to be taken to the agency for the landlord’s signature. A copy of the ‘Camera di Commercio’ will be required as well as a photocopy of ID document of the legal representative who is to sign the contract.

What chance do I have of receiving my full deposit back when I leave the property?

Provided the property and any furnishings are returned in the state in which they were consigned, HTLC Network will be able to negotiate a full deposit return for you. To this end we insist on taking a thorough Property Inspection and Inventory when the tenant enters the property. This inventory is taken in the presence of the landlord and the tenant and two copies are to be signed by both parties.

What responsibility do I have as a tenant towards maintenance of the property ?

Unlike in GB or USA, where the landlord is responsible for the upkeep of the property, Italian law states that the tenant is responsible for general maintenance whereas the landlord is responsible for major maintenance.
Basically this means that all plumbing and electrical fixtures that are outside of the walls or visible are the responsibility of the tenant (leaking taps, door bell that does not work etc.). The landlord is responsible for the plumbing and electrical system within the walls of the property; e.g. heating pipes.

You will receive by the Relocation Coordinator a list of the items you are responsible for.

Can i make any changes to the property?

Only with the permission of the landlord.
Small changes (e.g. hanging of towel rails in the bathroom) may be made but the property is to be handed back in exactly the same state it was consigned. Therefore, any holes made in the walls must be filled and painted over before leaving the property, unless a different agreement is made with the landlord.

In case alternations have been made to improve the property without the permission of the landlord, the landlord has the right to not reimburse any expenses the tenant has had in relation to the work. In cases where the landlord does not approve with the changes made, he/she has the right to require the tenant to put the property back into its original structure.

Please note that many technicians do not speak English.

What if I need to break the lease early?

Standard Italian contracts are for 4+4 years. HTLC Network will ensure a diplomatic break clause is inserted into the contract for the protection of the tenant.

It is usually possible to negotiate a break clause after the first year with three or six months notice. In this instance, the landlord will have the final say as to what is acceptable.

If a one year contract is put in place, it is also sometimes possible to add a break clause after a certain period of months; this depends upon the landlords being agreeable.

What expenses are involved in the purchase of a property?

– Government fees: 3 % (11 % for a second purchase of property).
– Real estate agency fees (approx. 3% of property price)
– Other costs: survey costs, bank loan set-up costs as well as notary fees.

Usually the final figure will be about 10-15% of the property price.

ITALY FAQ - Utilities
What utility expenses will I have to pay?

Utility payments are never included in the rent. Tenants are responsible to pay for gas, electricity and water according to consumption. A garbage tax is levied on each property annually; this is also the responsibility of the tenant. When renting a property, the utility bills are generally transferred into the name of the tenant. The cost for the transfer of name of the contract is charged with the first bill. HTLC Network will arrange this for you.

If the previous tenant closed the utility accounts before leaving the property, or if the account had unpaid bills outstanding, a new contract must be set up in the name of the new tenant. The cost of this is higher than the cost of a contract name transfer and is added to the first bill. This process may take up to seven days from the initial request to the effective transfer. It is not advisable to prepare a new utility contract before the actual property contract has been signed.

Please note that many technicians do not speak English.

How are these accounts charged?

Utility bills arrive to the property address every two months. HTLC Network will ensure meter readings are noted when the property inspection and inventory are taken, to ensure only the tenant’s own consumption is paid for.

The utility companies will send an employee to take the first meter reading after the signing of a new contract. Successive bills are estimates based on this first reading. Every few months the reading is taken again and the following bill will then be balanced according to the reading. Due payments will be charged and over payments will be credited.

The first bill is to be paid at the Post Office, thereafter a Bank transfer can be arranged.

Will I be able to get Satellite TV?

Satellite dishes may be installed with the permission of the landlord or can at times be negotiated at time of contract preparation. Some buildings have restrictions that prohibit the installation of any dish.

Decoders can be bought or hired. Subscriptions to channels in the language of your choice can organised by your Local Counsellor as part of your Settling-in Assistance.

Please note that satellite TV is considered a personal utility, thus an individual request to the satellite TV provider must therefore be submitted. Your Relocation Coordinator will assist you with this request.

What documents do I need to install a Telephone Line?

For a foreigner to request a telephone line from Telecom Italia, a Tax Code (Codice Fiscale) and a Permit of Stay is required. When a new tenant enters a property a telephone line has to be connected in his name unless the landlord is prepared to keep it in his/her own name.

The choice is of Analogue or ISDN line. A faster Internet access through ADSL broadband is not available in all parts of the country. When it is requested, HTLC Network will have to conduct a research to see if it is available. An exact property address is required. ADSL in Italy is not as fast as publicised and the service tends to be erratic. HTLC Network will arrange the connection of the telephone on your behalf.

How long will I have to wait for my telephone?

Telecom will inform of the date and time they will send an engineer to the property to connect the line; this is a minimum of 2 weeks after the initial application is made.

A telephone apparatus is not included in the request for a telephone line. Consequently, an apparatus must be available when the engineer comes to connect the line. If you wish to rent the apparatus from Telecom, this can be arranged, however delivery is done separately from the request for a telephone line.

Although a time of appointment is given, it is not unusual for the engineer to arrive to the appointment up to two hours later than the stated time.

Please note that as with all bureaucratic procedures in Italy, things can go wrong and end up taking far longer than the average time indicated. An application for a line may at times be ”lost” and Telecom does not offer explanations; when this occurs there is nothing that can be done but to reapply and wait the time it takes.

How will i be billed?

Telephone bills will be sent to the property every two months. The first bill has to be paid in the Post Office, thereafter, a bank transfer can be arranged.

ITALY FAQ - Driving
Is my licence valid in Italy?

In order to drive legally in Italy, you must obtain an international Driving Licence (unless you are from an EU country, in which case your licence is valid also in Italy).

After 12 months of residence in Italy, all non-EU licences must be converted. If no bi-lateral agreement exists with your country, you must take a driving test to obtain an Italian driving license.

Please note:
When driving in Italy you must have your driving licence with you at all times. Driving without a valid licence is a felony; should anyone be involved in a serious accident and does not possess a valid licence, he or she risks imprisonment.

Your driving licence is not considered a valid ID in public offices.

For how long can I drive my own car in Italy?

You can drive your own car in Italy for six months after which you are required to apply for Permanent Residency. Once the residency has been given, you have one year to register your car with Italian number plates.

Can I buy a car?

In order for a foreigner to buy a car the following documents are required:
– Tax code (Codice Fiscale)
– Permit of stay (Permesso di Soggiorno)
– Permanent residency (Residenza)

ITALY FAQ - Work permit
What documentation is required for workers coming to Italy?

EU citizens:
– Is required the compulsory local registration. According to the legislation, EU citizens have the right to enter and stay in Italy for up to three months without having to do any mandatory registration formalities. The right of residence for more than three months remains subject to certain conditions.
– Tax or Fiscal Code (Codice Fiscale) – required in order to sign a property contract, connect utilities and activate a mobile phone

– Residency (Residenza) – required in order to buy a car
– National Health Registration (ASL)

Non EU citizens:
– Work Permit
– Permit of Stay
– Tax or Fiscal Code (Codice Fiscale)

– Residency (Residenza)
– National Health Registration (ASL)

Is it necessary for me to be present to apply for documents?

For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible, HTLC Network will prepare Power of Attorney (Delega) in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.

To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.

Will I have to pay the police when I collect my Permit of Stay?

No, there is no charge for the release of a Permit of Stay (Permesso di Soggiorno) or Tax Code (Codice Fiscale).

ITALY FAQ - About HTLC Network
Why should I choose HTLC Network?

– Extensive rapidly growing client list.
– Exclusive partner/representative of many Global Relocation Service Providers.
– Exclusive representative of many International Law and Immigration Firms.
– Quality control guarantee: Head Office directs all relocations and immigrations in every destination.
– All staff required to attend on-going training sessions and workshops to keep updated as to global mobility needs.
– No language barriers – Assistance provided in all major European languages and many others.
– Corporate consultation with HTLC Netowork’s’ Representatives at location of choice.
– HTLC Network own ‘Resource Guides’ providing a wealth of everyday information for expatlife in destination city.
– Comprehensive FAQs for each country serviced.
– Red Alert List to prepare for the specific challenges of each destination.
– Extra ‘Safety’ section in Resource Guides for countries posing specific security threats.
– 24-hour Emergency Helpline for Transferees throughout the duration of the relocation.
– Complimentary 3-month Helpline.

ITALY FAQ - For corporate
How does HTLC Network assist with Immigration?

HTLC Network will prepare all the necessary paperwork, email it to the Company and direct as to how the various documents are to be printed out and signed. We will send one of our Local Counsellors with Power of Attorney (Delega) to act on behalf of the individual and company.

When the Transferee has to be present to apply for a document, he will be accompanied by our Local Counsellor.

What time scale should be allowed to process Work Permit applications?

When all paper work has been prepared, approved and signed by the relevant companies, it can take 6-8 weeks during which time Italian law states that the expatriate must not be in Italy.

How can we determine a realistic Housing Budget for Transferees?

During HTLC Network’ initial teleconference with the client we go through an in-depth ‘Needs Analysis’ which can include Housing Budget variables for the Destination City. HTLC Network will work with the Company to ensure the workforce locate properties of a suitable standard within the parameters set by corporate policy.

Can the contract be signed in the name of a foreign company?

Legally, yes, as long as it can be proved that the individual who signs the contract has the legal right to sign as a representative of the Company. Many landlords however, will not accept this as it is harder to take a foreign Company to court should there be any missing rent payments or problems. As landlord’s rarely accept a foreign Company signing the lease, it is usually signed by the local company that is VAT registered in Italy.

HTLC Network will prepare the contract in the name of a legal representative of the Company. We require full data of the individual, a photocopy of his/her passport ID pages and a photocopy of the Company’ s ‘Camera di Commercio’ demonstrating position within the Company.

The prepared contract will be emailed to the appropriate Company contact and instructions will be given on how it is to be printed out and signed. Once signed, one of Relocatin Enterprises’ Local Counsellors will collect the contract and deliver it to the real estate agent for the signature of the landlord. A signed copy will be returned to the Company whilst the three copies of the contract are being registered, thereafter a registered copy will be delivered.

Arrangements will be made to take a thorough inventory in the presence of the tenant and landlord.

Is it necessary for the Transferee to be present to apply for documents?

For the presentation of document application, it varies from city to city. Wherever possible HTLC Network will prepare power of attorney (Delega) in order for a Local Counsellor to act on behalf of the Transferee and family.

To release the obtained documents, the Transferee and other members of the family must be present as an original signature is required.

How can we guarantee all Transferees will receive the same standard of service? (staff relocating to main cities versus more rural areas)

All Local Counsellors are really ‘local’ to the area where they assist Transferees. They are selected for their good knowledge of their city area.

All Local Counsellors are trained by HTLC Network to follow our set pattern of delivering services using an in-house ‘Training and Operations Manual’.

All Local Counsellors are closely directed by Office Coordinators, ensuring a consistent standard of service is delivered.

How does HTLC Network handle Group Moves?

All relocations are handled by the same system of centralisation. When required, we arrange for a member of our office team to go to the location of a group move to be an in-house Coordinator, working from the Client Company’s premises as a point of reference for HR, Transferees and their families.

In main centres we have several Local Counsellors.

What ongoing support is provided for Transferees and families?

HTLC Network aims to equip your workforce to settle into their new environment as soon as possible. Upon arrival they are presented with a local Information Pack. They are given access to our on-line City Specific Resource Guides that provide general local information as well as specific local information once a suitable property has been located.

We have a 24hour emergency helpline throughout the duration of the relocation. We provide a 90 day complimentary phone line that can be extended throughout the duration of the assignment.

Our aim is to teach the Transferee how to live in his new city and to equip him to be as independent as possible.


Area: 301,230 sq km
Time Zone: GMT+1
Capital city: Rome
Bordering countries: Austria, France, Slovenia, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican
Climate: Mediterranean Alpine in the North and dry in the South


Stateform: Republic
Legislative Branch: Bicameral (Senate and Chamber of Deputies)
National Holiday: 2. June


Population: Approximately 58 mil.inhabitants
Religion: Catholic majority, Protestant minority
Languages: Italian
Other languages: small communities of German, French and Slovene